Home | Contact us | Links | Archives

Misery For Countless Women In Region
ISSUE 242
Front Page
Index
Headlines

Rayale Fails To Raise The Issue Of Igad Troop Deployment To Somaliland With Meles

''An Interim Agreement Gives Islamists An Edge In Somalia''

Somaliland, the Horn of Africa and US Policy

Somalia To Get Peace-Keepers

President Stresses Iran, Djibouti Common Political Views

A New Use For Camel's Milk: Sell It Abroad

The Crisis In The Horn Of Africa: Nomads With No Future

Somalia Warns Uganda On Troops

Regional Affairs

Ethiopia: Banking At The Somaliland Border

Pastoralists Call On Governments To Improve Legislation On Livestock Sales - Report

Somalia Stutters Towards Stability

Negotiators For Somali Government, Islamists Hold Face-To-Face Talks In Sudan

Editorial
Special Report

International News

US Moves Nairobi Embassy Bomb Suspect To Cuba

US Struggles For New Somalia Policy

Brothers' Epic Feat For Charity

Cinema Is Now A Crime In Somalia

Toll hits 30 after more Somalis murdered

World In Danger Of Missing Sanitation Target; Drinking-Water Target Also At Risk, New Report Shows

Coping With Terror Threat To Tourism

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Respect Tribes: They Do What Weak States Cannot

Remarks Made By Dr. Saad Noor At The Washington Post’s Debate On The Islamic Courts And Their Possible Influence In The Horn Region Of Africa

Somali Islamists Ban Music; "Intimidated" Top Artist Agree

Somalia's Money Lifeline Is In Limbo

America’s Somali Policy Still Dangerously Adrift

Somalis Left To A Life In Limbo As Peace Talks Are Put On Hold

Food for thought

Opinions

Somaliland : Love It Or Leave It

Protection Of Taxpayers’ Rights

The ICG Report Was A True Reflection Of The Facts On The Ground In Somaliland

Open Letter To Somalilanders Specially To SOPRI Conference Participants

Crying For Somaliland

Somalia : Cutting Through The Fog

UNDP/WORLD Bank Mission For JNA Undermined Somaliland Political Integrity

The Theory of Backwardness and Somalia/Somaliland Political Stage


Attacking female genital mutilation

Sana’a, Yemen, September 06, 2006 – A growing movement to end Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or female circumcision has been noticed lately in various parts of the world, including the Horn of Africa and Yemen.

International organizations dealing with women’s rights and healthcare have expressed commitment to fight this phenomenon, which has caused miseries to females throughout the African continent and in some Arab countries including Yemen.

Genital mutilation is practiced in 28 countries in Africa and also in some regions in Yemen.

The African countries practicing female circumcision range from Somalia in the east coast and stretching westward to Senegal on the Atlantic.

The rite is believed to have originated more than 2,000 years ago in Egypt or the Horn of Africa (what is now Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia).

The World Health Organization estimates that more than 130 million women have undergone the procedure.

Although it is most often associated with Islam, it is also practiced by Christians, adherents to traditional African religions, and one Jewish sect.

Types of FGM

There are generally three different types of circumcision: clitoridectomy, the amputation of the clitoris; excision of the labia minora as well as the clitoris; and infibulation, the removal all external genitalia including the labia majora, after which the edges of the wound are stitched together, allowing for only a tiny opening.

The risk of infection and problematic childbirth are naturally greatly exacerbated by infibulation, and it is estimated that 20% to 25% of sterility cases in the Sudan have resulted from the procedure.

The prevalence of circumcision and the type of procedure vary enormously from country to country.

According to a study by Demographic and Health Survey, 93% of women in Mali and 98% in Djibouti and Somalia undergo genital cutting, whereas in Uganda and the Congo the number drops to 5%.

Clitoridectomy is the most common procedure.

Infibulations accounts for about 15% of women, with an estimated 80% to 90% of all infibulations occurring in Djibouti, Somalia, and the Sudan.

The only country where the genital mutilation is noticeably decreasing is the Central African Republic, where the practice was not widespread to begin with.

Source: The Yemen Times


Home | Contact us | Links | Archives