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Issue 243 / 16th September 2006
Issue 242 241 240 239 238 237 236 235
 
Index
Headlines

Puntland’s Warlord
Insists On Going To Buhoodle

A Well Known Extremist Says Somaliland Should Join Islamic Courts

Awards & Celebrations At The Second Somaliland Convention

Somali Islamists Sending Envoys Abroad To Boost Image

Pakistani Militants Head For Somalia

U.S. Counterterrorism Work Stumbles In Somalia

Muslim World Protests At Pope's 'Derogatory' Mohamed Comments

Passport Scandal Exposes New Zealand Immigration

Regional Affairs

Convert From Islam To Christianity Killed

Western Agencies Waste Money In Somalia - Islamists

Deadly Smuggling Of Refugees From Somalia To Yemen Picks Up Pace, UN Agency Says

African Union Endorses Regional Peace Plan In Somalia

Editorial
Special Report

International News

US Accused Of Covert Operations In Somalia

Pope's Comments On Islam Spark Anger

The Republic Of Montenegro Joins WHO

'It's Very Powerful'

Where's The Terror?
Post-9/11 Prosecutions End With A Whimper

What The Democrats Don't Understand About The War On Terror

New Home For US Maasai Cattle

AFRICA INSIGHT: Draining The Swamps Of 'Homegrown Terrorism'

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Building Interdependence: Ethiopia And Somaliland

Somaliland's Plight

Pressing Ahead With A Controversial Peace Keeping Mission

The Horn Of Africa: The Path To Ruin

Thinkpiece
Stupid? Or Democratically Ignorant?

It Takes The Courage Of A Biblical David To Travel And Live In This Horn Of Africa Nation

Food for thought

Opinions

GAAHD-HAYE
Down Into The Deep Blue Sea

Disillusioned With The State Of Affairs In Somaliland?

Was Worth Going Another SORPI Conference

The Equation Of Mr. Arab Moi Will Not Be Compatible With Somaliland’s Inspirations

It Is No Easy Task Solving The Somalia Question

Abdiqasim And Ali Mahdi: One Is With The Courts’ Delegation, The Other Is A Target

Somalia: International Religious Freedom Report 2006

The Theory of Backwardness and Somalia/Somaliland Political Stage


LOCAL & REGIONAL AFFAIRS

Refused to join crowd chanting verses from Quran during lunar eclipse

Mogadishu , Somalia, September 16, 2006 – Somali Christian sources report Ali Mustaf Maka'il, a 22-year-old college student and cloth merchant who converted from Islam to Christianity 11 months ago, was shot and killed in the Manabolyo quarter of Mogadishu.

Read full text...

JOWHAR, Somalia, Sept 15, 2006 – A top Islamist has accused Western aid agencies of squandering funds on luxury cars and fancy houses instead of helping the poor.

The stinging attack came from Sheikh Osman Mohamed -- chairman of the newly powerful Islamists' Middle Shabelle administration based in the agricultural town of Jowhar -- who was angered at the lack of response to recent floods.

Pro-Islamists Protest In Baidoa

Baidoa, Somalia, September 15, 2006 – Police shot in the air on Friday to disperse a pro-Islamist crowd protesting at the seat of Somalia's shaky interim government against an African Union plan to send peacekeepers.

About 100 people chanting "God is great!" and "No to foreign troops!" rallied at the protest organized by religious leaders in Baidoa, the base of the government whose authority has been dented by the Islamists' rise this year.


Deadly Smuggling Of Refugees From Somalia To Yemen Picks Up Pace, UN Agency Says

Geneva, September 15, 2006 – More and more people are being smuggled across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia to Yemen, the United Nations refugee agency, which has repeatedly been warning of the dangers involved, said today.

“If the present trend continues, this month could set a new record for the number of arrivals,” Ron Redmond, a spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), told a press briefing in Geneva.


Kenya's Global Role Declining, Says Kalonzo

Nairobi, Kenya, September 15, 2006 – Kenya's role in the international scene is diminishing, former Environment minister Kalonzo Musyoka has said.

Mr. Musyoka who has also served as Foreign Affairs minister, said: "Kenya had been at the forefront in efforts to build peace in Eastern and the Horn of Africa region but that role is now slowly being abandoned by the Government."

Read full text...
Restoration works are in full swing to prepare Mogadishu mosques for Ramadan.

MOGADISHU, Sept 14, 2006 — Deserted mosques across the Somalia capital Mogadishu, which have been either closed for turned into garbage dumps by warlord militias, are being cleaned and dressed up to welcome worshippers in the holy fasting month of Ramadan.

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Somalis Flee Key Warlord-held Port Amid Fears Of Fighting

KISMAYO, Somalia, September 15, 2006 -- Militiamen allied to Somalia's government took up defensive positions in a strategic port town early Friday after a key leader in the rival Islamic group arrived for talks on the town's future.


Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, September 11, 2006 – Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa are calling on governments to introduce policies to better facilitate the movement and sale of livestock, according to a report released this week. Saudia Arabia's ban on live animal imports from the Horn is also criticized.

The ban has been in place since an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia in 1997. But delegates from all three countries said there was no longer a problem and the ban should be lifted.


African Union Endorses Regional Peace Plan In Somalia

ADDIS ABABA, September 14, 2006 – The African Union has adopted a plan to deploy a regional peace-support mission in Somalia, despite strong opposition from the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), which controls the capital, Mogadishu, and much of south and central Somalia.

The endorsement follows a closed-door meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council on Wednesday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. The 15-member council approved a proposal by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) - incorporating seven East African states - to have peacekeepers in place by the end of this month.

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Somali Leaders Not Happy About State's Action

Cape Town, SA, Sept 14, 2006 – Somali leaders have slammed the government's slow actions in denouncing the recent attacks on Somali shopkeepers and communities as an attempt to "save image" abroad in the run-up to the 2010 World Cup.

The government had been in denial about the targeting of Somalis in the city, said members of a newly formed Cape Town-wide Somali committee at a meeting on Wednesday with senior DA figures Tony Leon and Helen Zille.

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BAIDOA, Somalia, September 14, 2006 – Militia controlling a key port have been put on alert amid fears of an attack by an Islamic group that appears bent on ruling Somalia, an official said Thursday.

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Adored by the Somali people as the ultimate peace provider, but resented by the West as the embodiment of Islamic extremists out to introduce the dreaded Sharia law, the head of the Islamic Courts does not present a picture of an extremist. He comes across as a conciliator. Fred Oluoch reports

Nairobi, Kenya, September 11, 2006 – SHEIKH SHARIF AHMED presents an easy demeanor despite the daunting challenges facing him as the head of the newly formed Somalia Union of Islamic Courts.

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NAIROBI, Kenya, Sep. 14, 2006 – More than three months after a federation of Islamic clerics came to power in Somalia, the group, as expected, has established strict religious rule in the capital, Mogadishu, and the wide swath of the country it controls.

But Somalis, diplomats and regional analysts say the group also has shown a willingness to negotiate, and that that has eased fears that its rule would turn the anarchic country into another training ground and safe haven for Islamic terrorists.

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Headlines
Puntland’s Warlord
Insists On Going To Buhoodle

Einabo, Somaliland, September 16, 2006 (SL Times) – Puntland’s ruler, Adde Muse, vowed on Friday that he will go ahead with his plan to visit Buhoodle, a town at the Somaliland Ethiopian border.

Mr. Adde arrived in Las-Anod on Sunday under a military convoy consisting of over 40 technicals (battle-wagons mounted with heavy machine guns). He also brought with him at least 200 rifles and large quantities of ammunition.

Shortly after his arrival, Adde announced that he was going to convoy into Buhoodle, a district town in Somaliland’s Togdheer region and about 130km southwest of Las-Anod. But the announcement sent tension soaring in Las-Anod prompting fears of fighting between Somaliland and Puntland forces.


A Well Known Extremist Says Somaliland Should Join Islamic Courts

Mogadishu, Somalia, September 16, 2006 (SL Times) – In interviews with the local media earlier this week, Hassan Abdillahi Hersi, better known as Turki, has urged the people of Somaliland to join Mogadishu’s Islamic Courts.

Mr. Turki who belongs to the Al-Takfir Wal Hijra faction of the Islamic Courts, said that Somaliland and other regional administrations should not ignore what he termed as the winds of change blowing from the Islamic Courts.

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Nairobi, September 12, 2006 – At least 43 million children around the world are unable to go to primary school because of armed conflicts, according to a new report.

Save the Children organization has launched a global campaign aimed at pressuring world leaders into helping deprived youths into formal education. The charity wants to get three million children into education by 2010.

Universal primary education by 2015 was one of the Millennium Development Goals signed in 2000 by world leaders.


Press Release

Washington DC, September 12, 2006 – Following two days of serious and stimulating discussions on wide ranging issues such as International Recognition, Governance, Democratization, Current Political Affairs, Economic Development & Natural resources, Civil society and State, the Somaliland convention switched into a celebratory mode on the night of Saturday, September 09, 2006. At a spacious ballroom on the first floor of the DoubleTree Hotel, the estimated over 900 participants of the convention, who came from all the continents of the world, settled down to enjoy a delicious dinner, listened to a live music from a Minnesota and watched a fashion show and folklore dances performed skillfully by Somaliland youth mostly from Columbus, Ohio both boys and girls.


An Islamist lashes a man accused of raping a 3-year-old girl in Somalia's capital Mogadishu, September 13, 2006.

MOGADISHU, Sep 14, 2006 – Somalia's Islamists plan to dispatch emissaries around the world to try to allay fears that the sharia law they envisage for the war-ravaged Horn of Africa nation would result in a Taliban-style rule.

The newly powerful movement's top information officer, Abdirahim Ali Mudey, told Reuters on Thursday the recent visit to Libya by senior Islamists Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys and Sheikh Sharif Ahmed was part of a wider diplomatic push.

WASHINGTON, September 13, 2006 – About 50 jihadist leaders have left Pakistan for Somalia since a pro-al-Qaida militia movement took control of the capital there, say Pakistani officials.

Alexis Debat, a terrorism analyst and former adviser on counter-terrorism to the French prime minister, told a Washington briefing Tuesday that the assessment came from a senior official in Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence, or ISI.


A U.S. Marine walks out of Camp Lemonier in Djibouti in this December 20, 2002 file photo.

NAIROBI, September 14, 2006 – These days, no one in Mogadishu seems to see the planes and drones suspected of flying U.S. surveillance runs over the Somali city.

Once reported regularly in a city synonymous with anarchy, residents say the flights peaked earlier this year as warlords who ruled through extortion, murder and muscle fought against Islamist militias.

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Istanbul, Turkey, September 16, 2006 – Pope Benedict XVI has ignited a firestorm of protest from Muslims around the world in reaction to his citation of negative remarks about the Prophet Mohamed and the purported Muslim tendency to convert infidels by force. Many of the world's senior Islamic figures joined in the protest, including clerics and politicians from Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and the Palestinian territories.

The most severe criticism came from Pakistan, where the parliament unanimously adopted a resolution condemning the Pope for making what it called "derogatory" comments about Islam and seeking an apology from him.

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Somali passport brought by Immigration Service
Zealand Immigration Service is embroiled in an embarrassing scandal involving dubious Somali passports

Auckland, NZ, September 12, 2006 – The New Zealand Immigration Service is embroiled in an embarrassing scandal involving dubious Somali passports.

The service buys passports from a South African company in order to deport failed asylum seekers, but according to its own rules the documents are invalid.

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International News

Emails suggest that the CIA knew of plans by private military companies to breach UN rules

London, UK, September 10, 2006 – Dramatic evidence that America is involved in illegal mercenary operations in east Africa has emerged in a string of confidential emails seen by The Observer. The leaked communications between US private military companies suggest the CIA had knowledge of the plans to run covert military operations inside Somalia - against UN rulings - and they hint at involvement of British security firms.

The emails, dated June this year, reveal how US firms have been planning undercover missions in support of President Abdillahi Yusuf's transitional federal government - founded with UN backing in 2004 - against the Supreme Islamic Courts Council - a radical Muslim militia which took control of Mogadishu, the country's capital, also in June promising national unity under Sharia law.

Pope's Comments On Islam Spark Anger

Pakistani Muslims hold rally to condemn the Pope's remarks, Friday, Sept 15, 2006 in Multan, Pakistan
Pakistani Muslims hold rally to condemn the Pope's remarks, Friday, Sept 15, 2006 in Multan, Pakistan

Rome, September 15, 2006 – The Vatican says Pope Benedict XVI did not mean to offend Muslims when, during a lecture in Germany this week, he referred to the prophet, Muhammad, holy war and forced conversions. But Muslim clerics, organizations and Web sites have expressed outrage at the pope's comments.

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Geneva , September 14, 2006 – The World Health Organization welcomes the Republic of Montenegro (formerly part of Serbia and Montenegro) as WHO's 193rd Member State.

This follows the Republic of Montenegro's admission to membership in the United Nations on 28 June   2006. When the United Nations admits a new Member State, it may also become a Member State of WHO by signing or accepting the Constitution of the Organization.

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A multimedia slide show studies Somali women's lives in America.

LEWISTON, September 10, 2006 – Anthropologist Lacey Gale knew she had more than a promotional piece when she heard the recordings of Somali women talking about their lives in America.

"As we listened, we realized we had something that might help these people, and might give people a richer understanding of the women's lives," said Gale, a researcher at the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University.

Many elements of post-9/11 law enforcement are supposed to be justified by a real, serious, ongoing threat of further domestic terror assaults. Without that threat, the ways 9/11 supposedly had to change law enforcement become meaningless or sinister. So it pays, five years down the line, to recall some of the highlights of federal arrests and prosecutions of what were generally announced as domestic terror cells-organized groups in the U.S. who posed a serious, organized threat of committing terrorist acts, often in cahoots with overseas foes.

*The first big post-9/11 terror cell arrest, a mere week after the strike, was in Detroit. And it even ended up in two convictions for terror-related conspiracy. However, the case was rife with prosecutorial misconduct,

As the mid-term election cycle enters the home stretch, Democratic congressional candidates, party leaders, and left-wing pundits are taking to the airwaves in a vigorous assault on the Bush administration’s handling of the Global War on Terror. By criticizing President Bush for diverting military manpower from the hunt for Osama Bin Laden, and by repeatedly calling for the rapid withdrawal of American troops from Iraq, Democrats demonstrate with remarkable clarity that they just don’t understand the purpose of the war or the battlegrounds upon which it is being fought.

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New Home For US Maasai Cattle
Maasai with their cattle

Cattle play a central role in Maasai life

Nairobi, Kenya, September 11, 2006 – Four years after a group of Kenyan Maasai herders touched the hearts of Americans by donating 14 head of prized cattle to the US to help ease the pain of the 11 September attacks, a new home has been found for the unusual gift.

Islamism split Africa through the middle after 9/11 and leaders played the anti-Islamist and 'terrorism' card to win foreign aid or weaken their political opponents.

On top of Africa's festering insecurity in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on America, the continent has become a veritable theatre of a deadly war between Islamic jihadists and their foes.

Read full text...
Somaliland Map
Somaliland map
Hargeysa Bridge Committee web Link http://www.hargeysabiriij.com

Editorial

On last Sunday, the ruler of the Majerteen enclave of Puntland, Adde Muse, arrived in Las-Anod, the capital of Somaliland’s Sool region. Accompanied by over 40 technicals in addition to large Lorries carrying quantities of rifles and ammunition, Adde Muse then announced that he was going to make a visit to Buhoodle, a district town in Somaliland’s Togdheer region and 130km south west of Las-Anod.

Adde Muse’s large military convoy and his disclosure that he intended to go to Buhoodle, have immediately raised tension around Las-Anod where Somaliland and Puntland troops still faced each other after fighting pitched battles in the past 3 years.

Since Abdillahi Yusuf (Puntland’s former warlord and current president of Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government) started laying claims to territories in Somaliland’s eastern regions several years ago, the Majerteen militia has been a source of menace to Somaliland. Towards the end of 2003, Abdillahi Yusuf sent his militia to seize peaceful Las-Anod which was until then under the administration of Somaliland.

Read full text...

Special Report

In November 2005, the Centre for Human Rights began investigating the possibility of a third destination for the LLM field trip. The reasons for increasing the number of field trip destinations to include Somaliland include the following:

Somaliland is a state in the making; it would be ideal for students on the programme to have a first hand experience of this.

Read full text.
Opinions

GAAHD-HAYE
Down Into The Deep Blue Sea

By Professor Abdisalam Yassin Mohamed

Although the sea is part of the world (i.e. part of planet Earth), for the purpose of my argument, I will say that the world is like the sea. The sea, we all know, has different levels, different depths, and different colors. For example, there is a rough and rocky place near the shore. There is a sandy and beautiful beach. And there is a place where sewage and chemical waste is deposited. How you find the sea will therefore depend on which part of it you dwell.

By Mohamed Obsiye, London, UK

This article is meant as a contribution to the discussing appeared on several web pages on the internet initiated by few critical people including Mohamed Bashe, Abdirahman Jama, Dool and others. In the following I will give a brief commentary on the last article by Mohamed Bashe whom I regard as a rising star among the Somali intellectuals. Secondly I will elaborate more on some of my previous article which I suspect Abdirahman Jama has missed in his critique of my previous writing.

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Was Worth Going Another SORPI Conference

By Abdi Goud Musa, Connecticut, USA

With reservation, I went to the second SOPRI conference that was held in Washington DC on September 8 to September 10, 2006. I am glad I went because it was less political than last year’s SOPRI conference, the issues addressed where more geared to how the Diaspora could make a difference in the lives of our people back home, and the experience and the qualifications and experiences of the panelists and the entertainers.

By Ali D.Yassin

The president of Somaliland Mr. Dahir Rayale Kahin is creating a system which will be based on permanent future corruption and protection of personal interests. This system has been copied of Mr. Arab Moi’s equation which worked perfectly for the ex-president of Kenya who became the second president constitutionally when the first president of Kenya (Mr. Keniyata) died. Mr. Arab Moi stayed in power for 20 years because he had put around him a group of yes men, easy men, greedy, and uneducated men collected from Kenyan people.

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By Ahmed Aideed

The recent rush to solve the crisis in Somalia between the beleaguered transitional Government and the ever-expanding Islamic Courts Union brings to the fore the strategic differences of neighboring countries over the Horn of Africa country.

On one side is Ethiopia and Kenya whose main interests stem from their common borders with Somalia and a history of conflict. This geographical reality has made the two countries incur serious security and resource costs due to the refugee influx since the collapse of government in Mogadishu.

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Former Somali Presidents: Ali Mahdi and Abdiqasim Salad " Why one is so close to the Islamic Courts and the other is a papoose"

Having Abdiqasim on board with the Court's delegation to Libya, and forcing Ali Mahdi to leave his car maybe another hint that gives where the Islamic Court's direction is heading. But before we go further, let's compare and give a brief information about the two figures.  

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Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

This report is submitted to the Congress by the Department of State in compliance with Section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. The law provides that the secretary of state, with the assistance of the ambassador at large for international religious freedom, shall transmit to Congress "an Annual Report on International Religious Freedom supplementing the most recent Human Rights Reports by providing additional detailed information with respect to matters involving international religious freedom."

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By Mohamed Farah Elmi, Borama

Introduction

In 1960, Somaliland, a British Protectorate, and southern Somalia, an Italian trust territory, both gained their independence. Only days later, the two regions merged, forming the Somali Democratic Republic and a representative government was installed. The Somali people experienced only nine years of civilian multi-party democracy before the system was abolished.

In 1969 marked the beginning of the Somali dictatorship under General Siyad Barre, then, Somalia became involved in Cold War politics in the 1970s. In October 1970 Siyad Barre declared Somalia a socialist state and embarked on a range of socialist economic programmes, with the support of the Soviet Union.

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FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Building Interdependence: Ethiopia And Somaliland

Ethiopia and the unrecognized republic of Somaliland have recently formalized their agreement on the use of port Berbera. On the surface it seems that two states in the Horn of Africa entered an agreement whereby one lets the other use its sea outlet and both will derive economic benefits. A closer look into the issue, however, revealed that the issue of Ethiopia using the Berbera port had more than economic significance, that it was beyond mere bilateral economic relations of the two countries.

The determination of the Ethiopian government to scale up its use of Berbera is driven by the country's pragmatic policy of diversifying its sea outlets for imports and exports. It seemed that the Ethio-Eritrean war of 1998- 2002 taught Ethiopian authorities that it was not strategically advisable that a country should be a complete or an almost complete dependent upon a single port for the bulk of its exports and imports.

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There's an old saying: "A squeaky hinge gets the oil," meaning those who howl the loudest gain attention, while the meek soldier on.

But when we don't hear much about a country, it can be a sign of success: What do you write about in the absence of war, famine or bad government? When did you last see a lengthy piece on Switzerland? It's neutral, wealthy and democratic, and you don't get many headlines out of chocolate and well-run banks.

Sadly, this rarely applies in Africa. Corruption in Nigeria or Angola, tyrants like Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe and the genocide of Darfur in Sudan are big stories. But there is a democracy near the Red Sea that has been developing faster than many of its neighbors.

Nairobi, September 11, 2006 – Is it, as one cabinet minister has claimed, a "welcome" troop deployment? Or is an analyst's description of the force as "suicidal" more accurate?

These questions are doubtless occupying the minds of a good many politicians and observers in East Africa, after the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) agreed Tuesday on plans to send peace keeping troops to Somalia.

IGAD is a regional body comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia and Sudan. The group presided over lengthy talks that resulted in the installation of a transitional government for Somalia in 2004, this after more than a decade of lawlessness sparked by the fall of dictator Mohamed Siyad Barre.

A region endangered by Islamists, guns and its own swelling population

BOSSASO AND NAIROBI, August 10, 2006 – BOSSASO is an exit point from the Horn of Africa and it is bursting. This port in northern Somalia already has 300,000 people, up from 50,000 in the 1990s. More arrive each day. It is a raw place: entrepreneurial, resilient, armed to the teeth. It is also diseased, inadequate and famished.

The curse of American ignorance of the world

Americans are not stupid. Ignorant, yes, but not stupid. Our brains have been washed, but most of us aren't brainless. The trouble with people in power? They believe we're stupid. If we were, we'd never learn; but we do, and when we do there's usually hell to pay for those who thought us stupid.

It took years before the message sunk in that we were fighting a losing war in Vietnam - a war we had no business getting into in the first place. During that war, we had enough of our young coming home in body bags that we shouldn't even have been as ignorant as we were for as long as we were; but then, as I said, we're slow learners.

A jinxed journey to war torn Somalia

You are now a Kenyan refugee in Somalia!” That was the opening statement from Rumano and Lionel, the two French humanitarian workers based in Wajid, when they took me in as their overnight guest.

Have you ever traveled when the best thing would have been to remain at home and go to work? Have you ever traveled when you shouldn’t have after every sign that the trip was jinxed and doomed to fail was there for you to see?

Food for thought

MINNEAPOLIS , September 11, 2006 – Fighting for the Taliban. Dining with Osama bin Laden. Associating with Zacarias Moussaoui.

The accusations against Mohammed Warsame, a Minneapolis community college student from Somalia, were explosive enough to land him in a Minnesota prison with little contact with the outside world.

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Somaliland Times Newspaper: Publisher Haatuf Media Network, Published in Hargeysa, Somaliland

        

  Editor in Chief: Yusuf Abdi Gabobe. Assist-Editor: Abdifatah M Aideed


Somaliland Times Webmaster : Rashid Mustafa X Noor (2005)

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