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Issue 276 / 5th May 2007
Issue 275 274 273 272 271 270 269 268
 
Index
Headlines

Unknown airplanes circle over Hargeysa and Burao

EU: Presidency Ponders Special Envoy To War-Torn Somalia

Somalia asked us to save them from this brutal sub-clan

US Ethiopia Human Rights Africa
Revealed: Abuses of the War on Terror in the Horn of Africa

Only Somaliland Has An Identifiable National Armed Force

Ethiopian Army Kills Thousands In Somalia

Puntland approves controversial livestock export deal

Adal: History Of Islamic State Of Eastern Africa

The flawed Chatham House Report on Somalia

Regional Affairs

French Palace Denies Djibouti Crime Investigators

Human Rights Rapporteurs Denounce Deadly Conflict In Mogadishu

Editorial
Special Report

International News

Somalia: The Other (Hidden) War for Oil

Somali Held By CIA Denies Al-Qaida Link

Bush and the Generals

Global Terrorist Threat Seen Undergoing Change

German Foreign Policy On Somalia

Inside Africa's Guantanamo

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Fear Factor: Press Plays 9/11 Card to Justify Somalia Slaughter

The Global Citizen Project

The Answer is Worse than the Problem

The Pentagon’s New Africa Command

''Somalia Falls into Political Collapse''

Time Foreign Forces Quit Somalia

Food for thought

Opinions

Response to Berhanu Kebede

Borama Mayor should do something about the poor hygiene of the city!

Human Rights Violation

Somaliland Is Hargeisa Only And Hargeisa Is Somaliland

"War On Terror:" A Misleading Rhetoric For Ethiopia's Domination On Somalia

It is not yet a defeated fact

Women And Political Power


LOCAL & REGIONAL AFFAIRS
Bernard Borrel

The French authorities believe Bernard Borrel may have been murdered

PARIS , France May 2, 2007— Officials at France's presidential palace rebuffed two judges Wednesday who tried to enter and search in an inquiry related to the death of a French judge in Djibouti in 1995, a source in President Jacques Chirac's office said.


New York, May 1, 2007 – Fighting in the Somali capital Mogadishu has inflicted high civilian casualties, and the death toll may increase in coming days from intensified and indiscriminate shelling and bombing, a group of human rights rapporteurs said Tuesday.

The 12 rapporteurs, based in Geneva, signed a joint statement saying that within the last week, 'severe hostilities' erupted between Ethiopian-backed Somali forces and insurgent groups in Mogadishu, killing up to 400 people and injuring over 700.


Nairobi, 1 May 2007 - The following is a statement from the Ethiopian embassy in Nairobi.

Bold action, yes, and an inclusive political and clan approach is certainly needed in Somalia. But that is exactly what is happening, despite the efforts of a small minority of extremists in Mogadishu, and, indeed, in only three districts of the capital, to disrupt the process.

Read full text...

The European Commission has awarded a grant of € 1.5 million to Deutsche Welthungerhilfe / German Agro Action (DWHH/GAA) for a project that supports the agricultural sector through the promotion of a better natural resources management in the region of Northern Sanaag ( Somaliland).

With the total cost of € 1.67 million, this project is co-financed by additional 170,000 EUR of DWHH/GAA’s own funds. Deutsche Welthungerhilfe / German Agro Action aims with this initiative to support poverty reduction through enhanced food security for the poor and the disadvantaged. The project will cover isolated areas of Northern Sanaag, dramatically affected by food insecurity and high malnutrition rates


Mogadishu, 30 April 2007 - General Katumba Wamla, commander of Ugandan infantry forces, who paid a visit to his soldiers in Somalia, held a press conference in Mogadishu Monday.

The General told journalists that he came to Mogadishu to see if 1,700 African Union UPDF soldiers in Somalia were keeping up with the peacekeeping mission in the Horn of Africa country.


So George Bush and Tony Blair invaded Baghdad to install a puppet government designed after their idea of a perfect democracy. We condemned them in the strongest terms possible. Yes, Saddam Hussein was the devil incarnate. Lucifer’s very own personal representative on earth that normal Christian faithful, the soldiers of the God of Israel could not allow to murder and pillage the rich oil fields of Baghdad at will.


By Mohamed Amiin

Mogadishu, 3 May2007 - The freedom and safety of journalists in Somalia have come under heavy siege in the first half of 2007, as hostilities escalated in Mogadishu, with three journalists are behind the bars.

The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) is marking World Press Freedom Day on May 3 with an appeal to the international community to urge the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) to stop infringing journalists' rights and to respect the fundamental principles of freedom of press.

Read full text...

 
Violence flaring in an East African region vital to U.S. security interests

GODE, Ethiopia, May 06, 2007 - The town of Gode sits on an arid plain of brittle yellow scrub brush in Ethiopia's eastern Somali region. It looks like a place a John Wayne character might live and die.


Mogadishu, 5 May 2007 - The new mayor of Somalia's troubled capital says he has implemented tough measures to help secure Mogadishu and is appealing for international help to restore badly-needed services. Mohamed Dheere spoke to VOA Correspondent Alisha Ryu in Mogadishu. It was Dheere's first interview with a western journalist since the former factional leader was named to the post four days ago.

ead full text...

5 May 2007 – Just back from a four-day visit to Somalia, a United Nations refugee agency official yesterday decried at the appalling conditions facing displaced Somalis who fled deadly violence in the capital, Mogadishu, and pledged intensified aid to alleviate their plight.


The Somali capital remains far from safe although the country's armed forces, backed by the occupying Ethiopian troops now control Mogadishu.

Referring to resistance groups, Hussein Mohammad, a spokesman for the Somali President Abdullahi Yousef Ahmad claimed on Saturday "The insurgents are hiding. Now, they change their strategy. They want to use car bombs, landmines."


Mogadishu, 4 May 2007 - Hundreds of internally displaced families who returned to the capital have been deprived of resettling their makeshift camps, government compounds in the capital. Early this week the government intercepted refugees from going back to government buildings where they lived in for the past 15 years following the fall of former dictator, Mohammed Siad Barre.


Mogadishu, 3 May 2007 - Four major business companies based in the capital Mogadishu have surrendered their arms to the Somali transitional government as huge ceremony for the occasion was held at Mogadishu police center Thursday.

At least 151 Mogadishu based business firms have been registered for the weapons surrender.


EDITORIAL Shabait-Asmara

2 May 2007

The US Administration, after committing open aggression against Somalia through its mercenary, the TPLF regime, opted to cripple promptly the political movement that was born of the experience and bitterness of the people of Somalia. This movement, which was dubbed as a "terrorist movement" was leading the Somali people towards reconstitution and unity. Hence, the invasion provoked strong public protest and defiance. As a result, what has followed later has exposed the mistakes and failures of the US Administration.


Mogadishu, 30 April 2007 - People in Mogadishu reported massive lootings committed by men in army uniforms although there is stillness in the city where Somali and Ethiopian troops fought with Islamic insurgents for eight days.

Abdulahi Irro, a father of four in Arafat neighborhood, north of the capital, told Shabelle Monday, as he and his family were shifting back to the capital, that his house was looted in daylight by government soldiers.


 
Headlines
Minister of Aviation, Ali Mohammed Waran Adde

Hargeysa, May 5, 2007 – Unknown airplanes have been flying over Hargeysa and Burao last night for an hour and ten minutes (10:50-12.00 p.m).

Many of the residents of the city of Hargeysa began calling each other and checking if other people had seen or heard the planes which were flying at a low altitude. No one reported actually seeing the planes, only their sounds were heard.

The consensus in Hargeysa is that initially it was one airplane, which was later joined by another airplane, and that it was this latter airplane that was circling Hargeysa’s skies.



Kulmiye party leader, Ahmed Muhammad Sillanyo

Hargeysa, May 5, 2007 – Kulmiye party leader, Ahmed Muhammad Sillanyo, along with high-ranking Kulmiyey party officials and MPs met on Tuesday, at his Hargeysa residence a large delegation of Somaliland livestock exporters and traders. The meeting was held behind closed doors and was over the issue of the Ministry of Livestock's controversial Somaliland livestock export agreement that it had made last month with the Saudi Arabian businessman Mr Al-Jabir, who is one of the biggest Saudi buyers/importers of Somali livestock.

Read full text...

"Abdillahi Yusuf is a failure and a hardcore tribalist” Abdillahi Mohamed Dualle

Luxembourg , May 03, 2007 – The German presidency is considering appointing a special EU envoy to improve contacts with the government in Somalia and its enemies in a 16-year-old civil war.

EU member states have publicly expressed concern that Somalia’s internationally-backed Transitional Federal Government is refusing to engage politically with moderate members of its main rival, the Islamic Courts Union, which ruled Mogadishu between June and December 2006.


Hardline ideologists were introducing a tyrannical regime. Ethiopia had to act, says Berhanu Kebede

May 3, 2007

A Guardian article last week appeared to represent the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) in Somalia as a government of national consensus and a "popular" democratic organisation (Thousands flee as shelling by Ethiopian tanks kills hundreds of civilians in Somali capital, April 27).

It stated: "The Islamic Courts government was popular in Mogadishu after bringing relative order." This glorification of the UIC, and claim that they represent Somali society, is highly misleading. The UIC leadership is one sub-clan, bent on protecting its own interests.


4 May 2007

Cageprisoner's report, Inside Africa's War on Terror, released today reveals the extent of detentions that have been taking place in the Horn of Africa.

The rendition of detainees between Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia already exposed through the work of human rights organizations has only served to show part of the problem that is taking place in the region.

Read full text..

Somaliland & Somalia Politics: International relations and defense

There are numerous armed groups and militias in Somalia

All of Somalia's neighbors, as well as Sudan, Egypt and Libya, have been involved in attempts to reconcile the Somali factions. Ethiopia has also sent troops to southern regions in pursuit of militia from Al-Itihaad, an ostensibly Islamist grouping blamed in Addis Ababa for terrorist attacks within Ethiopia. Ethiopian government forces crossed into Somalia several times in the late 1990s, and invaded the country to help to restore the interim government to power in December 2006.


Collecting water in a Somali refugee camp last week<span class='black'> (Pic: Irin news)</span>
Collecting water in a Somali refugee camp last week

Mogadishu, May 1, 2007 – A savage bombardment of the Somali capital Mogadishu by occupying Ethiopian forces has left thousands dead and driven over 350,000 people from their homes.


'They Said We Will Treat Somaliland As A Separate Government Entity'

Hargeysa, Somaliland, May 02 2007 – The leader of the self-declared breakaway enclave of Somaliland ruled out reuniting with battle-scarred Somalia and said the interim government's claim of victory over insurgents in Mogadishu was premature.


The US helped government forces into power, but now it is protesting that the regime is blocking aid to thousands of suffering people

April 27, 2007

Ali Mohamed Gedi greeted The Times in a large, icily air-conditioned reception room in his grand, three-storey villa hidden behind high walls near Mogadishu’s beachfront.

The Somali Prime Minister, dressed in the kind of short-sleeved khaki suit beloved by African strongmen, barely smiled.

Read full text...
DUBAI, UAE May 5 2007 - Somalia’s semiautonomous Puntland region inked a controversial livestock export deal with Arab companies during a Friday night ceremony at a Dubai hotel, reliable sources in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) said.

Puntland President Mohamud “Adde” Muse attended the ceremony alongside officials representing the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah (UAE) and Saudi Arabian company, Al-Jabberi.


Historic Islamic state of eastern Africa, Adal state in the Danakil-Somali region southwest of the Gulf of Aden, with its capital at Harer (now in Ethiopia). Its rivalry with Christian Ethiopia began in the 14th century with minor border raids and skirmishes. In the 16th century, Adal rose briefly to international importance by launching a series of more serious attacks. The first phase, in which the forces of Adal were led by Mahfuz, governor of Zeila (Somaliland – Awdal Region) on the Gulf of Aden, ended in 1516, when Mahfuz and many of his followers were killed in an Ethiopian ambush.

Read full text...

Commentary

The Chatham House report, The rise and fall of Mogadishu's Islamic Courts (chathamhouse.org.uk) contains inaccuracies, selective focus on Somalia's pre and post state collapse situation. This review article aims to bring to the attention of policy makers the report authors' bias and sketchy knowledge of the Horn of Africa.


International News
By Carl Bloice, Axis of Logic

May 5, 2007

The U.S. bombing of Somalia took place while the World Social Forum was underway in Kenya and three days before a large anti-war action in Washington, January 27. Nunu Kidane, network coordinator for Priority Africa Network (PAN) was present in Nairobi, and after returning home asked out loud how 'to explain the silence of the US peace movement on Somalia?' Writing in the San Francisco community newspaper Bay View, she suggested one reason I think valid: 'Perhaps US-based organizations don't have the proper analytical framework from which to understand the significance of the Horn of Africa region

WASHINGTON, May 4, 2007 - A Somali accused by U.S. officials of belonging to a terrorist group affiliated with al-Qaida acknowledged to a U.S. military tribunal that he trained in Afghanistan for holy war in his homeland but denied any link to al-Qaida.

Gouled Hassan Dourad, allegedly a member of al-Ittihad al-Islami, an organization listed by the United States as a terrorist group linked to al-Qaida, is one of 14 so-called high-value detainees transferred to the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay last September after being held by the CIA in secret prisons abroad.

5 May 2007

Summary: The rift between U.S. military and civilian leaders did not start with George W. Bush, but his administration's meddling and disregard for military expertise have made it worse. The new defense secretary must restore a division of labor that gives soldiers authority over tactics and civilians authority over strategy -- or risk discrediting civilian control of the military even further.

United States Department of State

Washington, DC, 30 April 2007 - Although the United States has built strong international partnerships against terrorism, the changing nature of the threat continues to present significant challenges, a top U.S. counterterrorism official says.

"The international community is working together to confront these extremists because they threaten the right of people everywhere to live in peaceful, just, secure neighborhoods," says Frank Urbanic, the State Department's acting coordinator for counterterrorism.

Adequate Persistence

MOGADISHU/BERLIN, March 27, 2007 - The German EU Council Presidency has announced aid for the Somali "transitional government" put in place by western powers, to finance a reconciliation conference. In accordance with the wishes of Berlin and Brussels, this conference will take place in Mogadishu in mid-April, with the intention of stabilizing the so-called transitional government, divide the opposition and therefore, in the long run, keep anti-western forces from regaining power in Somalia.

30 April 2007

This is the most lawless war of our generation. All wars of aggression lack legitimacy, but no conflict in recent memory has witnessed such mounting layers of illegality as the current one in Somalia. Violations of the UN charter and of international humanitarian law are regrettably commonplace in our age, and they abound in the carnage that the world is allowing to unfold in Mogadishu, but this war has in addition explicitly violated two UN security council resolutions. To complete the picture, one of these resolutions contravenes the charter itself.

Somaliland Map
Somaliland map

Editorial
Although Abdillahi Yusuf and Ali Geedi have been loudly proclaiming that they won the war against Mogadishu’s insurgents, such utterances should be taken with a grain of salt. Yes, the Ethiopian troops did force out the insurgents from their positions after relentless heavy bombardment, but many of those insurgents have simply melted into the general population and are still in Mogadishu, which means they may strike at any moment. So, in all probability this is not the end of the conflict, but rather the end of a particular phase and the beginning of another.

The truth of the matter is that the situation in Somalia is as dangerously unstable as ever. Somalia’s Embagathi Faction (a.k.a Federal Transitional Government) cannot even stop its own militias from killing each other, let alone do something for the people. For instance, in Kismayo, the TFG’s coalition that took over after the Islamic Courts were defeated has split and one faction (Majeerteen) was chased out of Kismayo by the other (Marehan).


Special Report
REPORT ON OIL & GAS POTENTIAL
IN SOMALILAND

By Prof. M. Y. Ali

In this paper, seismic, well, and outcrop data have been used to determine the petroleum systems of Somaliland. These data demonstrate that the country has favourable stratigraphy, structure, oil shows, and hydrocarbon source rocks.


REPORT ON FAMILIARISATION TOUR TO SOMALILAND

In November 2005, the Centre for Human Rights began investigating the possibility of a third destination for the LLM field trip. The reasons for increasing the number of field trip destinations to include Somaliland include the following:

Somaliland is a state in the making; it would be ideal for students on the programme to have a first hand experience of this.

Opinions

There is a Somali proverb that goes like this: “Baqashii fardo la mirataa dhiggood bay is mooddaa” - which literally means ‘The mule that grazes with the horses assumes it is of the same pedigree’.

In a recent article (Guardian May 3rd 2007), the Ethiopian Ambassador to the UK, Berhanu Kebede, categorically stated that the transitional federal government of Somalia asked his country to save them from a certain brutal sub-clan. One can only conclude that such a statement has the influence of the backers of the Ethiopian mission in Somalia, the United States which uses similar phrases about saving the majority from the minority at the behest of the national governments in other areas of the world.

Read full text...

Borama Mayor should do something about the poor hygiene of the city!

I am an old soldier who was born and bred in Somaliland. And certainly I spoke the mother tongue since childhood. Unfortunately, I cannot read articles in Somali well. For me, they are “car ayaa kicin”…who can read them? And so, I cannot afford to spend hours just to read one article. And that is despite the fact that I know that I miss a lot of invaluable information since Somali language articles flood our websites and other media outlets.

However, the other day, I scan-read a “car ayaa kicin” article whose title was the same as “the heading of this article”. And so, I decided to share my know-how on that topic with my friends everywhere and specially with those at home. And certainly I am assuming, by doing that, I am enlightening many of them in that area which I consider as mine.

Human Rights Violation

It seems like Land has become the new gold in Somaliland, owning a piece of land is everything and if you don't own land take someone else's piece of land is what going on at the moment.

In Somaliland, the criminal justice system is seriously faulty. The country's law and enforcement agencies and judicial system do not effectively protect people from human rights abuses, and perpetrators are rarely brought to justice. These systemic deficiencies lead to arbitrary detentions, torture, fabrication of evidence and unfair trials.

Somaliland Is Hargeisa Only And Hargeisa Is Somaliland

By Ibrahim Adam Ghalib

In this country at all levels of government, elected and appointed officials are making decisions that profoundly affect the people. These decisions do not reach the people outside the capital Hargeisa. Elected and appointed officials must be concerned about the views and interests of all their constituents in the whole country. If these officials ignore the voters in the regions they would not hold office very long.

The five other regions of Somaliland is entirely isolated from the capital Hargeisa. There is no media whether radio, television or news papers that can reach the regions. The only source of information in this modern technology today is the people traveling to and from Hargeisa.

By: Abukar Sanei

The real assessment that cannot be invalidated is that the situation of Somalia has been deteriorating since the Ethiopian invasion in December last year. The main argument that the Tigrey leader used for this intrusion in Somalia was to "help" his puppets, called TFG, and get rid of the ICU, whom he considered as a "threat" to his national security. However, he eventually sought an approval from his MPs in Addis Ababa to wage his war against, not only the ICU, but the entire population of Mogadishu. Even though it's estimated that four hundred civilians have recently been slaughtered in the bitter war between insurgents against the occupation and forces from the invaders in Mogadishu, the "leaders" of the so-called TFG claim now that they succeeded in their "war on terror",

Read full text...


By
Ahmed Abib Hayir

Once he was despised and let to descend to the depth of humiliation in Lebanon. The people with whom he was living among felt the capable attitudes and the rare talents he had as a threat to their personal desires and interests. And owing to that fact, he was interactively and overwhelmingly looked down and for years he had to struggle under the acidic feeling of envy he experienced among his own people. Conscious of his life abilities he fled to the United States of America. And not so long after all, he came to be the New York Times President.

Read full text...

By Ibrahim Adam Ghalib

I wish to sincerely thank the many people who wrote to me emails asking me to continue writing. The majority of these people are interested to know exactly what is happening back home.

I have answered back these emails on time and accepted to start writing again at reasonable intervals, hoping that the audience will keep their expectations in check due to the limited time to serve and the unusual circumstances surrounding us. Success and growth can be well structured, organized, controlled and delivered on time when you have the tools to succeed. Writing is like being in a race with no finish line.

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Written by Chris Floyd   

Wednesday, 02 May 2007 – A few days ago we were – how to put it? – uncivil to New York Times reporter Jeffrey Gettleman, taking him to task over his story about Somalia, in which he told readers of the "world's leading newspaper" that the little tussle they were having over there was mostly the fault of a bunch of greedy gangsters with inborn anarchic tendencies who didn't want to pay taxes. Mr. Gettleman's story, we suggested, with unpardonable rudeness, was not really a work of journalism but more of propaganda piece.

“My figures represent individuals [who are] genetically almost identical but also quite different"

xenia and her Somali figure

By Xenia Marita Riebe

This is a story about the world, and one artist’s desire that no culture should ever be lost in the process of globalization.

In 2005, the artist began an art project she calls the Global Citizen Project . To call it an art project understates what she is trying to accomplish. To put her subject into her own words, “the main topic of the project is to transform global society in its cultural variety by means of art.”

By Medhane Tadesse

The Horn of African region is one conflict system anchored in “mutual destabilization”. Even local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighboring countries. Political leadership choose to destabilize their neighbors until their internal problems are resolved. The more they are unable to resolve their domestic problems, the more they tend to take their neighbors down the road. Many of them have been meddling in the internal affairs of neighbors for some time now. I am sure; this is not helping the region, the individual countries or the world at large.

May 3, 2007

Introduction

In February 2007, President Bush announced the creation of a unified military command for Africa. This puts the continent on par, in the Pentagon’s eyes and command structure, with the Pacific Rim (Pacific Command), Europe (European Command), Latin America (Southern Command), the Middle East (Central Command), and North America (Northern Command). The Pentagon and many military analysts argue the continent’s growing strategic importance necessitates a dedicated regional command.

3 May 2007

During the last two weeks of April, armed conflict in Somalia became more intense as the Ethiopian occupiers of the country and the forces of its Transitional Federal Government (T.F.G.) undertook major military operations against a rising insurgency composed of Islamists, nationalists and militias affiliated with the Hawiye clan family in Somalia's official capital Mogadishu.

Having made taking effective control over Mogadishu the test of its ability to exert authority over Somalia, the T.F.G. was constrained by the pressure of Western donor powers to make good on its project and to secure the city in advance of a planned National Reconciliation Conference (N.R.C.) aimed at reaching a political resolution to the country's conflicts.

By Prof Jagdish P. Sharma

May 1, 2007

Somalia has caught the attention of the international community as more than 70 innocent nomadic herdsmen were killed when a US gunship hunting Al-Qaeda suspects ‘mistakenly’ attacked a village in Southern Somalia. The US found, no “wanted” Al-Qaeda terrorists, dead or alive in the village though the attack was in line with the speculation that after Afghanistan and Iraq, it would be Somalia’s turn to face the US fury. For the last few years, Washington’s Somalia policy has hinged on the hunt for Al-Qaeda terrorists, and particularly the men wanted for killing 225 people in the 1998 attacks on US embassies in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam and the 2002 attack on Israelis in Mombasa.

Food for thought

By Abdirahman Ahmed Ali

Earlier, Ethiopia supported SNM and sheltered Somaliland refuges running away from Somali Army bombings in 1988, this event reshaped Somaliland public view towards Ethiopia. Somalilanders consider Ethiopia “a friend in deed” and trustworthy ally. Somaliland National Movement (SNM) with mainstream of Somalilanders fought against Siyad Barre to liberate their territory and lastly formed Republic of Somaliland. Until today, Ethiopians are treated as “Brothers”.


         

Somaliland Times Newspaper: Publisher Haatuf Media Network, Published in Hargeysa, Somaliland

          

Editor in Chief: Yusuf Abdi Gabobe. Assoc-Editor: Rashid Mustafa X Noor

Assist-Editor: Abdifatah M Aideed


Somaliland Times Web Editor : Rashid Mustafa X Noor (2005)

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