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Issue 284 / 30th June 2007
Issue 283 282 281 280 279 278 277 276
 
Index
Headlines

Mayor Jiir Beats Up And Imprisons SLTV News Editor

Bittersweet Independence

Citizens’ Committees From 11 Districts Across Somaliland Meet In Burao To Discuss ILO Projects

Somaliland Now Centre For Illegal Female Cutting

Ethiopian Premier Admits Errors on Somalia

Bush hits dead-end in Somalia

Who’s Sawing Off The Horn Of Africa?

Africom: DoD's Shiny New Toy

US concerned by NGO arrests in Somalia

Regional Affairs

Media Watchdog Urges Somaliland To Free Journalist Abdirahman Muse Slapped And Arrested By Somaliland Capital’s Mayor

Ali Hussein Diriye - 'All We Have Is Freedom

Editorial
Special Report

International News

I Have Heard The Need For Change... Now Let The Work Of Change Begin

Somali Playwright Accused Of Molestation Fails To Show Up For Trial

Four Bouncers Charged With Attempted Murder

Africa: Cell Phones And Schools Help Improve Women’s Rights

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

The Conoco Somalia Declassification Project

Book Sees Oil As Troubled Resource For Africa

NY Jury Delivers Mixed Verdict In Khat Smuggling Case

Somali Woman Jumps Off Burning Building

Former Cat Abdirahman Captures 10,000 Meters

The Name Of The Game In Somalia Is Oil

Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Boileau

Food for thought

Opinions

Has Somaliland Three Parties Or One Party With Three Names?

Somaliland And The 26th Of June

The Poisoned Cup

Abdirahman Aw Ali Farah: KULMIYE's Sole Lifeline

Congratulations
Rt. Hon. Gordon Brown, MP as UK’s New Prime Minister

What role would Ethiopia/USA play to tackle the Somaliland/Somalia issue?


LOCAL & REGIONAL AFFAIRS

Paris, France, June 30, 2007 – Reporters Without Borders Friday condemned the arbitrary behavior of mayor Hussein Mohamoud Ji’ir of Hargeysa, the capital of Somaliland, who Thursday slapped journalist Abdirahman Musse Omar several times in the face and then had him arrested.

“The only explanation for Omar’s continuing detention is abuse of authority by the mayor,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Omar must be released at once. His arrest is the result of an archaic view of authority. It is the mayor, not the journalist, who should be punished since, as far as we know, Somaliland’s laws do not permit this kind of abusive behavior.”


Burao, June 28, 2007 – Ali Hussein Diriye, 78, is a resident of Kosar camp in Burao, one of the main cities in the republic of Somaliland. Kosar is home to thousands of Somaliland returnees from Ethiopia. Diriye spoke to IRIN about his life in the camp.

"We were among the first groups of families to settle in Kosar in 2001. We came from the Daroor refugee camp in Ethiopia's Somali region.


Paris, France, June 26, 2007 – On the eve of the 30th anniversary tomorrow of Djibouti’s independence, Reporters Without Borders condemns the increasingly authoritarian tendencies of President Ismael Omar Guelleh’s government, in particular, a campaign of harassment that led to Le Renouveau Djiboutien, the country’s sole opposition newspaper, being silenced.

“The national holiday is a time of anxiety this year,” the press freedom organisation said. “Little by little, Djibouti is closing itself off to the world and to criticism. It was already worrying to see that, despite limited resources, Djiboutians had only one opposition publication offering a different take on the news. Now that it has been forced to shut down, the government has a monopoly of national news.”

Read full text...

Ethiopia ready for possible attack from Eritrea

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, June 29, 2007 – The Ethiopian government denied any negotiations going on with convicted Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD) leaders and stressed there will be no middle ground for negotiation as long us their case is still in court.

Opposition party leaders were reported to have allegedly signed a document accepting partial responsibility for the violence that took place after 2005 election in exchange for their release as a result of negotiations between the prisoners and the government with United States and some Ethiopians mediating in the situation.


DHUSAMAREB, Somalia June 26, 2007 – Ethiopian soldiers and armored vehicles have arrived in parts of Galgadud region in central Somalia, officials and residents said Tuesday.

The Ethiopians, accompanied by Somali soldiers from Mogadishu, were targeted in a landmine explosion as their military convoy drove through Hiran region just south of Galgadud, according to local officials.


Displaced Somalis
Displace people

Nairobi, June 28, 2007 – Escalating violence in Mogadishu this month has forced more than 3,500 people to flee the Somali capital in recent weeks, the United Nations refugee agency has reported.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) also reported that only 123,000 of the estimated 401,000 civilians who fled the heavy fighting that raged in Mogadishu between February and May have returned to the capital, citing to figures compiled by the agency and its partners.


Paris, June 27, 2007 – Fathia Khaled, a presenter on state-owned Eri-TV’s Arabic-language service, was arrested earlier this month and taken to one of the country’s detention centres, Reporters Without Borders has learned from several Eritrean sources. One of the sources said she may have been taken to the Sawa military camp in the northwest after being in touch with one or more persons who had fled across the border into Sudan on foot.

“The information ministry, which is also the headquarters of the only news media permitted in Eritrea, has become a high-risk area where a sinister game of chance is played out,” the press freedom organisation said. “How much longer will we have to continue adding names to the list of people imprisoned by President Issaias Afeworki’s government?”

Read full text...

 

ABU DHABI, June 25, 2007 – Djibouti, which enjoys strategic partnership with the UAE, is looking forward to further strengthen its relations with more investments flowing in from the UAE into sectors like infrastructure, tourism and real estate.

This was stated by Idriss Ahmed Chirwa, Ambassador of the Republic of Djibouti to the UAE, in an exclusive interview with Khaleej Times yesterday on the occasion of his country’s Independence Day on June 27. The embassy is celebrating the day with an official reception in the capital tomorrow.

Read full text...

NAIROBI, June 26, 2007 – Africa's next major crisis could hit 20 million people, a delegates to a high-level a conference on the causes of hunger heard Tuesday.

Ministers and government representatives from six drought-prone Horn of Africa countries agreed on a United Nations plan aimed at tackling the problem and on decreasing reliance on emergency food aid.

ead full text...

Nairobi, Kenya, June 27, 2007 – The United  States has expressed concerns over a spate of arrests of prominent citizens by Somalia's transitional government and called for their immediate release.

A statement from the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi issued on Tuesday said officials from the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) told Somalia Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Gedi that it "undermines efforts for a national dialogue and political reconciliation."


MOGADISHU, June 27, 2007 – A Somali MP and former defense minister was wounded Wednesday by a roadside bomb explosion which killed his driver, witnesses said.

Barre Adan Shire was the latest lawmaker to be targeted in the capital, where violence has escalated since Somali government soldiers, backed by Ethiopian troops, toppled an Islamist movement in January.


London, June 28, 2007 – Amnesty International is concerned that Kenyan authorities are obstructing delivery of UN humanitarian aid designated for Somalia. On Friday 22 June, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) reported that 141 trucks they had contracted to deliver emergency food aid to southern Somalia were unable to cross the Kenyan border.

The WFP trucks have been prevented from crossing into Somalia by Kenyan authorities at the El-Wak border, between north-eastern Kenya and the Gedo region of Somalia, for almost a month now. Many of the trucks have now had to return to Nairobi, after the WFP had unloaded and stored foodstuffs near the Kenyan side of the border crossing.


GAROWE, Somalia, June 26, 2007 – Lawmakers and administration officials in the northern Somali sub-state of Puntland continue to be at odds over the region's finances, our correspondent reported.

Puntland lawmakers have challenged the administration to explain how government employees remain unpaid, despite a 12% increase in the budget.

Read full text...

 
Headlines
Abdirahman Muse Omar, journalist and news editor for SLTV (photo-file)

Hargeysa, Somaliland, June 30, 2007 (SL Times) Abdirahman Muse Omar, journalist and news editor for SLTV, a private Hargeysa based TV network, was hit, kicked and imprisoned by Hargeysa city mayor, Hussein Muhammud Jiir on Thursday morning. The victimization of the journalist occurred when he tried to interview Mayor Jiir, inside his local authority head quarters, about an incident which occurred early Thursday morning in Hargeysa Club area.


Hargeysa city mayor, Hussein Muhammud Jiir

Hargeysa, Somaliland, June 30, 2007 (SL Times) On Thursday morning, a family of 11 children and their parents were removed by force from their home and evicted by the local authority from the Hargeysa old Pepsi Cola factory grounds. The demolition of Abdi Adan Aynanshe’s home sparked a mass riot and pitched battles with angry residents living nearby.

The father of 11 kids, Abdi Adan Aynanshe told SL Times that he lived in the Unused Pepsi Cola factory grounds with his wife and 11 kids when local authority officials and police came early morning Thursday and destroyed his home which angered his neighbors and resulted in confrontation with the police and city officials.

Read full text...
President of Somaliland Dahir Rayale Kahin (photo file)

By President Dahir Rayale Kahin

June 26, 2007 - On this day 47 years ago, the Union Jack came down on a remote corner of Africa and the former protectorate of British Somaliland, with its capital in Hargeysa, gained independence.

It was a day of celebration. Freedom had been granted without a fight; no insurgency like Kenya's Mau Mau or civil war as happened in Zimbabwe. Alas, all that and worse would follow, but in 1960, Somaliland was seen as a place of promise, where races, religions and people from different backgrounds got on well.


Burao, June 30, 2007 (SL Times) – Committees from eleven districts of Somaliland’s regions, local governments, officials from the ministry of health, officials from the ministry of planning, and officials from the International Labor Organization (ILO) held a meeting at Kosar neighborhood in Burao.

This meeting was the first of its kind that was organized by joint efforts of the ILO, the ministry of health and the ministry of labor and planning, and it showcased various projects that are funded by the ILO and implemented by the community organizations in various districts.


Somalilander women rights activists fighting FGM
Sacdiyo Sheikh Hamud and other Somalilander women rights activists fight an uphill battle to limit FGM in Hargeysa

Hargeysa, June 26, 2007 – Hargeysa, the peaceful capital of Somaliland, has become a new centre for the Somali Diaspora wanting to perform female genital mutilation (FGM) on their daughters. Most live in countries where FGM is strictly forbidden, including when this is done abroad.


Prime Minister Meles Zenawi

NAIROBI, June 28, 2007 – Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said Thursday that his government "made a wrong political calculation" when it intervened in Somalia, where Ethiopian troops are bogged down in a fight against a growing insurgency.

Addressing Ethiopia's Parliament, Meles said his government incorrectly assumed that breaking up the Islamic movement that took control of most of Somalia in June 2006 would subdue the country. He also said he wrongly believed that Somali clan leaders would live up to unspecified "promises."


Fraser conceded that the use of force in Somalia had only aggravated an already atrocious situation

Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Ms Jendayi Fraser

By Ernest Mpinganjira

Chances are that the United States has run out of options in Somalia after the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Ms Jendayi Fraser conceded last week that Washington’s support for the ouster of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) by Ethiopia might have been a miscalculation.


US express concern on recent arrest on Somali MP

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, June 29, 2007 – Dr. Ibrahim Hasan Addow, the Foreign Affairs Secretary of Somalia’s ousted Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) said that he received an invitation to the National Reconciliation Conference (NRC) extended to him by the head of the Reconciliation Committee of Somalia. Addow said Ali Mahdi Mohamed also sent the invitation to other UIC officials in Sudan, Eritrea and Qatar and invited them to the conference.


ANALYSIS

29 June 2007 - The Somali refugee crisis is now a continental problem causing ethnic tension even in the far-flung South Africa, hence presenting states with a tricky choice between hosting refugees and protecting their national interests.

The explosion that killed a man and injured 39 people in Nairobi on June 11 has put back refugees into sharp focus security-wise

Read full text...
Picture

By Dr. Omar de Kock

June 25, 2007 - Upon concluding an extensive tour of the Horn of Africa, the UN’s Under Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Mr. B. Lynn Pascoe, recently told a press conference in Addis Ababa that, “What many long time observers are telling me is that this is the best opportunity for peace that Somalia has had in the past 16 years.”   At the same time Ethiopia’s President, Meles Zenawi, is calling on the United Nations to step up its support for AMISOM, the AU peacekeeping force, and to consider the deployment of UN peacekeepers in Somalia.  


June 25, 2007

I finally got around to reading Thomas P.M. Barnett's long story on Africa and Africom yesterday and this afternoon. Having traveled in the region at roughly the same time the US was going 'kinetic' I have to say the article rings true, once you get past the insouciant brutality or brutal insouciance he brings to the subject. Reading comments that make light of the work 'Western Celebrities' do in Africa plus paragraphs filled with talk of 'eyeballs on flies' and 'globalization's frightening reformatting process' (as if the globe were just a floppy you can insert and eject from an old IBM 286) reminded me of reading a wingersphere blog.

Read full text...
Washington DC, June 26, 2007 – The United States expressed concern on Monday to Somalia's Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi over a spate of arrests of prominent citizens by his government, and called for their immediate release.

Officials from the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development told Gedi that the crackdown "undermine efforts for a national dialogue and political reconciliation," a department statement said.


International News
Gordon Brown and his wife Sarah on the steps of 10 Downing Street: I have heard the need for change... now let the work of change begin
Gordon Brown and his wife Sarah on the steps of 10 Downing Street

London , June 28, 2007 – Gordon Brown fulfilled his dream to become Prime Minister yesterday after more than a decade of waiting and pledged a decisive break with the Tony Blair era.

After spending almost an hour at Buckingham Palace with the Queen - twice as long as the departing prime minister - Mr. Brown made a short stirring speech in Downing Street before entering the door of Number 10 for the first time as leader of the country.

Minneapolis, Minnesota 27 June 2007 - A prominent Somali playwright accused of molesting a 10-year-old girl missed two court dates this week and may have fled the country, sources told Minnesota Monitor.

Mahamud Abdullahi Isse, 71, of Minneapolis, was charged last January with first-degree criminal sexual conduct. According to a complaint filed in Hennepin County District Court, the alleged incident took place in 1995. The victim, who is now 21, was staying at a relative's house where Isse frequently visited. She regarded him as an "uncle."

IPaceville, Malta, June 27, 2007 – Four bouncers who work at nightclub Fuego in Paceville were charged yesterday with attempting to murder a Somali man during an incident that took place just outside the nightclub early on Sunday morning.

The bouncers, who told the court they work as “customer care” representatives, are Anthony Azzopardi, 27, from Hamrun, Roderick Attard, 22, from Kalkara, David Bonello, 48, from Gharghur and Charlton Abela, 25, from Cospicua.

By Jonathan Edelstein

June 27, 2007 - Forced marriage, often of girls in their early teens, is a persistent problem in the Sahel. Thus far, legal and educational measures, including bans on child marriage and efforts to keep teenage girls in school, have had limited effect in containing the practice given the economic incentives to marry off young daughters. In one recent case in Burkina Faso, however, technology succeeded where other measures failed.

Somaliland Map
Somaliland map

Editorial

That many foreign intellectuals and opinion makers support Somaliland’s independence is an established fact. Somalilanders see this as a validation of their quest for independence. This phenomenon however does not sit well with Somaliland’s opponents. But instead of trying to understand just what it is about Somaliland that foreigners find appealing, Somaliland’s adversaries often attack foreign supporters of Somaliland as a way of either getting back at them or scaring them off. And mind you, this crude and unethical tactic is not just employed by the ignorant, but is even used by the educated among the Somaliland-haters, such as Abdi Ismail Samatar and his brother Ahmad. It was actually these two brothers who pioneered this tactic of trying to destroy the reputation of anyone who shows even the least sympathy to Somaliland. For instance, when Anthony J. Carroll and B. Rajagopal published an article in the prestigious Journal of International Law & Politics in which they argued that Somaliland has a sound legal basis for independence, Mr. Abdi Samatar in article in the Journal of Modern African Studies, v.30 no.4 1992, accused the authors (without providing any evidence) of having received $60, 000 from the SNM for writing the article.

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Special Report
REPORT ON OIL & GAS POTENTIAL
IN SOMALILAND

By Prof. M. Y. Ali

In this paper, seismic, well, and outcrop data have been used to determine the petroleum systems of Somaliland. These data demonstrate that the country has favourable stratigraphy, structure, oil shows, and hydrocarbon source rocks.


REPORT ON FAMILIARISATION TOUR TO SOMALILAND

In November 2005, the Centre for Human Rights began investigating the possibility of a third destination for the LLM field trip. The reasons for increasing the number of field trip destinations to include Somaliland include the following:

Somaliland is a state in the making; it would be ideal for students on the programme to have a first hand experience of this.

Opinions

By Dr. Hussein Abdillahi, Bristol – UK & Mohamed Obsiye, London - UK

Much has changed in Somaliland political landscape. Three political parties, UDUB, KULMIYE and UCID, now compete for the hearts and minds of voters. Whilst this is a positive development to be cherished, and was hailed as an unprecedented achievement few years ago when multi-party democracy system was adopted in Somaliland, we are of the opinion that much more remains to change. Though some might argue that the three parties are still in their infancy, there are two concerns which cannot be overlooked.

Read full text...

Somaliland And The 26th Of June

By Ahmed Kheyre, London, UK

Tomorrow, the people of Somaliland both at home and abroad will be celebrating the 47th anniversary of independence from the United Kingdom. Somaliland’s independence from a colonial power is nearly 50 years, almost half a century. However, most Somalilanders know that the country true independence is only 16 years old.

Perhaps, it would seem appropriate that Somalilanders should take the time to reflect on their achievements over the last 47 years. Somaliland is a thriving democracy in a region not known for its plutocratic credentials.

The Poisoned Cup

By Ibrahim Jibah Ismail, Oakland, California

As Somaliland enters a new era of elections, the corruption and mismanagement of natural resources is still the core function of this present government. It reminds me of when Socrates was given the poisoned cup by his friendly jailer and told him, “Try to bear lightly what needs must be”. The moral of that saying is that this present government and the Guurti are already planning to give the masses the poison cup of corruption, nepotism and tribalism to destroy whatever normal election could take place.

Abdirahman Aw Ali Farah: KULMIYE's Sole Lifeline

By A bdalle Farah Sigad

Somaliland society’s tribal identity is much more respected than a national identity. This is a cycle of thought which is very hard to break or to over come. However there are rare individuals who cross that daring line without the pleasure of seeking any advantages. And it is such individuals that Somaliland needs today.

On behalf of the Somaliland Community of Wales , I wish Rt. Hon. Gordon Brown, MP as UK’s New Prime Minister every success in his new Job as Prime Minister of the UK.

Read full text...

By Mohamud Samatar

There is no doubt that the Imbhagati made government of Somalia is contemplating how to create chaos and unrest in Somaliland to bring it under it's control, but the irony is Somaliland has a democratly elected government , has declared that she is no longer part of Somalia, withdrew it's union with Somalia and declared it's independent in May 18 1991. Somaliland has been peaceful and has held free and fair presidential election and Parliament.

FEATURES & COMMENTARY

Somalia Conoco Connection

June 24, 2007

In 1992 U.S. commandos “stormed” the beaches of Somalia in what was known as Operation Restore Hope. The United States was invading Somalia to, as was told to the public, restore law and order to a country devastated by anarchy, and to feed the population. As then-President George H. W. Bush told the nation in a televised address on December 4, 1992:

NEW YORK, June 27, 2007 – A new book entitled Poisoned Wells: The Dirty Politics Of African Oil claims Africa's oil has contributed to poverty, corruption and conflict on the continent. Victoria Cavaliere attended the book launch in New York City, and filed this report for VOA's New York Bureau.

West African nations, including Nigeria, Angola, Gabon and Guinea, produce about 5 million barrels of oil per day, or 15 percent of the oil on the world market. The resource has pumped billions of dollars into the hands of West African governments and multi-national oil companies.

NEW YORK, June 26, 2007 – A federal jury has delivered a mixed verdict in the case of 4 men accused of smuggling a leafy drug called khat to Somali immigrants in Minnesota and Maine.

Jurors convicted 3 of the men of conspiring to distribute khat containing just enough of the stimulant cathonine to make it illegal in the US. Two were also convicted of conspiring to import the drug but acquitted on charges that their actions constituted a continuing criminal enterprise -- a count that could have landed them in prison for 20 years.

Fire engulfs a building in Jeddah’s historical Harrat Al-Madhloum area in the Al-Balad district. (AN photo by Abdallah Bazuhair)

JEDDAH, June 24, 2007 — A Somali woman died yesterday afternoon after jumping off the top of a blazing four-story building in the Harrat Al-Madhloum area of downtown Jeddah.

Civil defense officials said that the woman, whose name has not been released, jumped off the top of the building to escape the flames. They said she was in her 20s. Three men and an infant girl were also reportedly injured. The injured, who are said to have inhaled smoke fumes, suffered broken bones and were taken to the King Abdul Aziz Hospital. All of them are listed critical.

Abdi Abdirahman
Abdi Abdirahman leads en route to winning his third U.S. title in the 10,000 meters. He also won in 2001 and 2005

INDIANAPOLIS, June 22, 2007 — Former UA standout Abdi Abdirahman won his third U.S. track and field outdoor crown in the 10,000 meters Thursday. Abdirahman finished in 28 minutes 13.51 seconds to add the 2007 title to wins in 2001 and 2005.

The former UA and Pima College All-American easily outran runner-up Galen Rupp (28:23.31). The times are well off the qualifying standards for the world championships, which will be held in Osaka, Japan, in late August.

By Karamatullah K. Ghori

Toronto. George W. Bush, under pressure from Japan and South Korea, has let it be known that he has dropped plans to attack, militarily, North Korea, one of the three “axis of evil" countries by his reckoning.

Those knowing the mind and mentality of Bush knew, from the moment he uttered his litany of ‘ axis of evil’ that North Korea had only been included in the pack to hoodwink the Muslims and make them believe that he was not a crusader against the world of Islam only.

London, June 26, 2007 – Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Boileau, who has died aged 81, was a dashing cavalry officer and Arabist whose adventurous post-war career took him to a succession of remote outposts.

The Boileaus are a prominent family of Huguenot refugees, who fled to England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. By tradition they are descended from Etienne Boileau, the incorruptible Prévôt of Paris from 1260, who is praised in Joinville's Vie de St Louis. The family was indisputably settled in Languedoc by 1390, and in 1500 bought the lordships of Castlenau de la Garde and Sainte-Croix, near Nîmes, firmly establishing their noblesse.

Food for thought

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on Saturday said that Egypt supports the legitimate position of the Palestinian Authority and President Mahmoud Abbas and his government.

Mubarak made the remarks in an address to the ruling National Democratic Party's bloc inside the Shura Council (the upper house of the Parliament), noting that Egypt fully recognizes the perils lying beneath the current tumultuous Middle East situation.


         

Somaliland Times Newspaper: Publisher Haatuf Media Network, Published in Hargeysa, Somaliland

          

Editor in Chief: Yusuf Abdi Gabobe. Assoc-Editor: Rashid Mustafa X Noor

Assist-Editor: Abdifatah M Aideed


Somaliland Times Web Editor : Rashid Mustafa X Noor (2005)

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