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Issue 285 / 7th July 2007
Issue 284 283 282 281 280 279 278 277

UNDP Appraises Its Programs And Projects In Somaliland

Berbera Immigration Officials Block ‘Illegal’ Deportation Of Somaliland Citizen To Yemen

Somaliland Representative Visiting The United Nations

Somaliland Regional Games Tournament Begin 23 July 2007

Somaliland Women 'Nagaad' Umbrella Organization Inaugurates Its 10th Anniversary

Non-Governmental Group Accuses Interim Somali Government Of Harassment

At the UN, Somalia's Gedi Asks for $32 Million, Denies Restricting Opponents' Travel

'It is always necessary to make the N.R.C. political,' says a Somali scholar

Stability in Somalia 'a dream'

Somali elders search for peace

Regional Affairs

Somaliland’s Communiqué To African Leaders’ Summit In Accra

Somaliland Bans Use Of New Somali Passport

Special Report

International News

World shrinks for US diplomats

Torn Between Two Cultures

US is about to pull out of Somalia again- a mistake

Minister in Sarkozy's Government: Bush might be behind 9/11 Attacks


Gorbachev At The “Global Citizen Project” Exhibition

Somaliland in Accra, Ghana, on the Occasion of the African Union Summit 27 June to 3 July 2007

Somaliland: Africa’s Best Kept Secret

Harnessing Community Power In Somaliland

Blinders On Borders

Martin Meridith’s The State Of Africa: A History Of Fifty Years Of Independence

Crackdown in Ethiopia condemned

Food for thought


An Invitation To The Mayor Of Hargeysa To A Dialogue On Freedom Of The Press

SL document archives

Sack The Somaliland Leaders

UDUB, UCID, and KULMIYE: Are There Any Differences?

Democracy Requires An Informed Citizenry

The Mayor Of Hargeysa—The New Mohammed Dheere Of Somaliland


Communiqué on the Visit to Ghana of the Somaliland Minister of Foreign Affairs on the Occasion of the African Union Summit, 23 June- 3 July 2007, Accra

On the instructions of His Excellency President Dahir Rayale Kahin, President of the Republic of Somaliland, the Foreign Minister of Somaliland Minister Abdillahi Duale paid a Visit to Ghana from 23 June to 3 July 2007.

Read full text...

Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – The minister of Aviation, Hon Ali Muhammad Waran-Adde, has announced a ban on the new Somali passport issued by the Mbagathi government [reference to the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, the TFG] at all Somaliland airports.

Hon Ali Muhammad Waran-Adde announced the ban when he gave an interview to the independent TV station, HCTV [Hargeysa Cable TV] on Tuesday.

Accra, Ghana, July 2, 2007 – It has been submitted that the non-recognition of Somaliland by the African Union (AU) is undermining the principles of peace and stability of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).

"The principles of NEPAD demand that African States should promote peace and stability, and this is exactly what Somaliland has achieved and consolidated. Consequently, the non-recognition of Somaliland by the AU is undermining the NEPAD," declared Dr. Iqbal Jhazbhay of the University of South Africa, Pretoria at a symposium on "The African Union and Somaliland in the Horn of Africa".

Read full text...

DUBAI, July 06, 2007 – Dubai Customs World (DC World), a global customs solutions provider and subsidiary of Dubai World, yesterday signed an agreement with the government of Djibouti to invest and manage an automobile and heavy equipment free zone in that East African country.

"We will invest in this project and manage it," said Hamad Mohammed Fadhel Al Mazrooei, CEO of DC World.

NAIROBI, July 03, 2007 – A Somaliland television journalist who was last week beaten and detained for seeking information from a local official has been freed, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said.

The Paris-based watchdog said Abdirahman Musse Omar, detained on Thursday in Hargeysa, the capital of the breakaway state of Somaliland, was freed on Sunday after he appeared in court.

Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 7, 2007 (Haatuf Daily) – Radio Horyaal, which was off air for about a year, resumed its work on last Wednesday.

The station, which is also available via satellite, is the only radio station that is heard throughout Somaliland. Most of the programmes aired by the radio are debates on the work done by the Somaliland government and its weaknesses, that which has led to the accusation that the station supports, or airs the opinion of the opposition.

MOGADISHU, June 05, 2007 – For the second time in two months, an attempt on the life of Mogadishu mayor, Mohamed Dheere was made through a roadside bomb that exploded in the presence of his convoy.

"It was an assassination attempt, but luckily he survived," spokesman, Mohamed Muhyadin Ali told the AP.


Accra, July 4, 2007 – An investment fund for the establishment of a Pan African Infrastructure Development Fund (PAIDF) is set for action.. The project will be headquartered in South Africa and extend branches in other African countries.

This was announced by African Finance Ministers who attended the just concluded the African Union Summit in Ghana. The project will attract both private and public funds to finance the construction of infrastructure in African countries.

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Warring Parties Must Respect Laws of War, Ensure Humanitarian Access

New York, July 4, 2007 – The Ethiopian military has forcibly displaced thousands of civilians in the country’s eastern Somali region in recent weeks while escalating its campaign against a separatist insurgency movement, Human Rights Watch said today. Both the government and rebel Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) must protect civilians and ensure their access to humanitarian relief.

ead full text...

Mogadishu, July 05, 2007 – Somali government soldiers have staged protests in two towns to demand payment after going seven months without any wages.

There was an exchange of gunfire in a barracks in Jowhar, near the capital, but there were no causalities.

Angry soldiers have taken control of a police station in the central town of Beledweyne.

Paris, July 6, 2007 – Reporters Without Borders voiced deep sadness today on learning that Paulos Kidane, a journalist with the Amharic-language service of state-owned Eri-TV and radio Dimtsi Hafash (Voice of the Broad Masses) died last month in an attempt to flee on foot across the border into Sudan.

“We join in the mourning of his family and friends and share their grief in this tragic ordeal,” the press freedom organisation said. “The information ministry’s lies will not be able to hide the fact that Kidane was one of the many victims of a cruel and tyrannical regime. A hitherto apathetic international community should react with outrage and hold President Issaias Afeworki accountable.”

MOGADISHU, July 1, 2007 - Early morning explosions marked Somalia's Independence Day in the capital Mogadishu Sunday. Leaders called for an end to the fighting that has claimed hundreds of lives and prevented the government from taking control of the country.

The three explosions at midnight did not cause any injuries but were a reminder of the clan and political violence that has made the capital one of the most dangerous cities in the world. Later Sunday, a land mine exploded near a group of government soldiers, but there were no casualties.

Heads of state and government pose for a group photo at the international conference centre in Accra, 01 Jul 2007, after the opening of the African Union summit
Heads of state and government pose for a group photo at the international conference centre in Accra, 1 Jul 2007

Accra, 3 July 2007 - African leaders meeting on the final day of the African Union Summit, in Ghana, remain divided over whether and how to create a single African government. Meanwhile, civil society organizations continue to protest for more discussion of issues they say affect the development of the continent. For VOA, Naomi Schwarz has more from VOA's regional bureau in Dakar.

MOGADISHU, July 2, 2007 - The government of Eritrea has warned the Somali Transitional Federal Government to be vigilant about the Ethiopian army intervention in Somalia, although Somali government considers this intervention as military cooperation.

The Eritrean government said that the Somali government actually does not know how it is going to perform its duties in the future, after it had been involved in fighting its rivals by cooperating with the Ethiopian forces.

MOGADISHU, 5 July 2007 - The Somali government on Thursday carried out its first formal executions, killing two suspected Islamist insurgents convicted of murdering a government official just three days earlier.

But even as the administration meted out capital punishment for the first time since its formation in late 2004, rebels kept up a campaign targeting government officials with a trio of blasts.

"UNDP and Somaliland's Ministry of Development have agreed to upgrade the UNDP Hargeysa office, from a liaison office to a fully fledged UNDP operation's head office" UNDP director, Mr Lemarquis
Ali Ibrahim, Somaliland minister for Development & Planning with UN officials in 2006, (photo-file).

Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – United Nations Development Program agency for Somalia/Somaliland office held a one day meeting on Thursday at Ambassador hotel in Hargeysa to review the projects of the past 6 months and programs implemented by the agency in Somaliland.

President Rayale with the Ethiopian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Dr. Tekedu Elemu at last week's meeting in presidential palace, Hargeysa.

Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – Ethiopian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Tekedu Elemu unexpectedly flew in to Hargeysa on 30 June 2007 to hold talks with President Dahir Rayale Kahin. The Ethiopian official, traveling on Ethiopian airlines afternoon flight to Hargeysa, flew back to Addis Ababa barely 2 hours after arriving in Hargeysa.

Dr Elemu explained that his visit to Somaliland was no different than his other previous trips to Hargeysa. He said the reason for his visit was to strengthen the already strong friendship and cooperation that Ethiopia and Somaliland have enjoyed over the years, and to stress to Somaliland that the relationship has not lapsed or dropped from its strong foundation built on a partnership, mutual trust, and understanding.

Read full text...

Berbera, Somaliland, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – An illegal attempt to deport a local man of Somaliland origin by boat to Yemen was blocked last week (27/06/07) when port immigration officials in Berbera refused the local branch of the Criminal Investigation Department to deport Mr. Yasin M Ali, a Somaliland national to Yemen.

Mr. Ali, wanted in connection with a business dispute in Yemen was arrested last month in Hargeysa by the local police after the Attorney General’s office in Hargeysa issued a warrant for his arrest. And soon after the arrest, a court judge in Hargeysa summoned an injunction order for Mr. Ali’s deportation to Yemen and was ferried a day or two later to Berbera’s C.I.D branch office for deportation.

The Representative of the Republic of Somaliland to the United States, Dr. Saad Noor at United Nations headquarters in New York


The Representative of the Republic of Somaliland to the United States, Dr. Saad Noor, is visiting the United Nations this week.

Somaliland Minister of Youth and Sports, Mohamoud Saeed in last Thursday's press conference

Hargeysa, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – Somaliland Minister of Sport and Youth Mohamoud Saeed has announced on Thursday that Somaliland’s regional games tournament will start on 23 July, 2007 in Hargeysa and that the regional sports tournament will be participated by all of Somaliland’s six regions of Hargeysa, Togdheer, Awdal, Sanag, Sahil and Sool, and said the tournament's sporting activities will comprise of football, basketball and track and field (athletics) games.

Hargeysa, July 7, 2007 (SL Times) – Nagaad women umbrella group of local Ngo’s inaugurated its 10th anniversary on 24/06/2007 at Maansoor hotel in Hargeysa.

Somaliland Vice President Ahmed Yusuf Yaasiin, the chairman of KULMIYE opposition party Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo, as well as other dignitaries and guests of honour marked Nagaad’s 10 years of dedication for championing women related issues and development projects and programs for Somaliland women and children.

Ethiopian troops patrol the street of Mogadishu, Somalia, 4 June 2007
Ethiopian troops patrol the street of Mogadishu, Somalia

Nairobi, July 03, 2007 – A senior official of a Western non-governmental organization has accused Somalia's interim government leaders of deliberately harassing and intimidating humanitarian organizations that refuse to work under government control. As VOA correspondent Alisha Ryu reports from our East African bureau in Nairobi, the allegations are some of the most serious charges of corruption against Somalia's Western-backed leadership since it took power in Mogadishu six months ago.

Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 4, 2007 – The opposition party, KULMIYE, is said to have received a letter of reply from the Ethiopian government which mainly criticizes the party's position regarding southern Somalia and Ethiopia's war against the [Islamic] Courts that governed Mogadishu.

According to informed sources, the letter is made up of eight pages. It is not known how it was delivered to the party.

Pretoria, South Africa, July 3, 2007 – This year's summit is devoted to talks on setting up a continent-wide government to create a “United States of Africa”, in the hope of spurring development. The notion of a pan-African government was first advocated by Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana's founding president, who helped establish the Organisation of African in 1963. The AU succeeded the OAU in 2002.

Read full text...
Gedi at UN, June 28, 2007

UNITED NATIONS, June 28 - Somali citizens, even members of the parliament, "cannot just overnight go to the airport" and leave the country, Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi said Thursday at the UN.

Inner City Press twice asked Gedi about some of those blocked from traveling. The first time, Gedi said "your question is truthless."

Mogadishu 02, July 2007 - Some of Mogadishu scholars have expressed their political views on the upcoming national reconciliation conference which many suggested it should be comprehensive.

Mohammed Hassan, a Somalia scholar, based in the Somali capital, said the reconciliation conference will achieve no tangible results if that happened.

Read full text...

Mogadishu, 3 July 2007- Elders from a dominant clan in Somalia's capital have met to consider co-operating with a fragile government struggling to bring peace to the embattled country, but the future is fraught with religious and clan differences that make stability only a distant dream.

The Hawiye clan, a mosaic of 19 often-competing sub-clans, was key to peace and stability in Somalia.

But, unity among Hawiye leaders - who included warlords anxious to maintain or regain power and wealth and radical Muslims hoping to establish an Islamic state - had proven difficult.

United Nations Peacekeepers, Ugandan soldiers, prepare to destroy weapons and ammunition which were capture in recent weeks, by safely detonating them at Jazeera beach in outskirts of Mogadishu, Monday, July 2, 2007. Elders from the dominant clan in Somalia's capital met on Monday to consider cooperating with a fragile government which is struggling to bring peace to the embattled country, but the future is fraught with religious and clan differences that make stability only a distant dream. (AP Photo/Mohamed Sheikh Nor)

NAIROBI, Kenya, July 2, 2007 - Almost every day, Somalia's government comes under attack - suicide bombings, roadside explosions, ambushes. Security forces have tried mass arrests and curfews, but to no avail.

International News

WASHINGTON, 8 July 2007 - Threatened abroad, US diplomats have been hit with unprecedented security restrictions, confining many to fortress-like compounds and frustrating Bush administration efforts to get out and counter anti-US sentiment. Lockdowns and prohibitions on travel now apply to Americans posted to embassies and consulates in at least 28 nations, according to an Associated Press survey of State Department warnings, internal directives and officials.

Khadro Ahmed
Khadro Ahmed, right, and her younger brother Abdul played basketball in the cul-de-sac outside the family’s Eden Prairie home.

The Ahmed family's suburban story tells not only how Somali immigrants have changed Eden Prairie, but how Eden Prairie has changed the immigrants

Eden Prairie, July 3, 2007 – What age 15 meant for Barlin Ahmed: Dropping out of ninth grade to get married and have children in the war-torn country of Somalia.



THE UNITED STATES INTENDS to give up on Somalia — yet again. In an interview with BBC last week, US assistant secretary of state for African Affairs, Ms Jendayi Fraser, just stopped short of admitting that the US now feels helpless over the goings-on in the troubled Horn of Africa country.

French official suggested Bush was behind September 11


PARIS, Jul 7, 2007 - A senior French politician, now a minister in President Nicolas Sarkozy's government, suggested last year that U.S. President George W. Bush might have been behind the September 11, 2001 attacks, according to a website.

The website, which promotes September 11 conspiracy theories, has posted a video clip of French Housing Minister Christine Boutin appearing to question that Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda group orchestrated the attacks. Boutin's office sought to play down the remarks.

Somaliland Map
Somaliland map


Whatever one might have thought initially about the Ethiopian military intervention in Somalia, it is difficult to escape the conclusion that, as it stands now, it is a failure. Yes, the Ethiopian intervention did remove the immediate threat that the Islamic Courts posed to Ethiopia and the so-called Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG), but it failed in bringing peace to Somalia. As a matter of fact the Ethiopian intervention has highlighted the vast contrast in law and order between Southern Somalia under Ethiopian occupation compared to when it was under the control of the Islamic Courts. We say this not in an attempt to rehabilitate the Islamic Courts or to paper over their terrorist activities, but for the sake of accuracy.

The truth is Ethiopia is in a mess in Somalia, and the situation is not getting better with every passing day but worse. As if covering such a vast theater of operations from Baidoa to Mogadishu and all the way to Kismayo was not risky enough, the Ethiopian government also took upon itself the additional responsibility of establishing the TFG in Mogadishu, which can only be described as a fool’s errand.

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Special Report

By Prof. M. Y. Ali

In this paper, seismic, well, and outcrop data have been used to determine the petroleum systems of Somaliland. These data demonstrate that the country has favourable stratigraphy, structure, oil shows, and hydrocarbon source rocks.


In November 2005, the Centre for Human Rights began investigating the possibility of a third destination for the LLM field trip. The reasons for increasing the number of field trip destinations to include Somaliland include the following:

Somaliland is a state in the making; it would be ideal for students on the programme to have a first hand experience of this.


By Dr. Abdishakur Jowhar

Abdirahman Musse Omar is one of the more prominent of Somaliland journalists. He is the anchor of the fiercely independent Somaliland TV. He covered a story of home demolished by the authority of the City of Hargeysa On June 27, 2007 and the next day he visited city hall to follow up on the story. What he did not know was that the Mayor himself was laying in wait for him.

The Mayor of Hargeysa is the first elected Mayor of the city. He embodies the people’s hope. We know he is proud of his city and dedicated to do the right thing for his people.

Read full text...

SL document archives

Salamu alaykum,

First of all, congratulations for all of you for helping Somaliland in the various ways you do uniquely through your publishing you webspaces. Every little thing helps go a long way in healing your homeland.

Secondly, I would like to ask you the following question.

What do 'Haatuf's pictorial evidence of corruption', 'Mariam Jooma. Experiences from the parliamentary elections in Somaliland', and 'Tabea Zierau. Politics and Economy in Nation-building Processes: Somaliland Republic' have in common? Probably not much. They do discuss some aspects of life in Somaliland.

Sack The Somaliland Leaders

By Ali Matan, London.

Dear Editor,

I would like to inform the people of Somaliland that they should sack the current Somaliland administration because Somaliland people are suffering in British prisons and detention centers held by British immigration. They are on deportation orders and the Somaliland authorities are refusing to take them back since 2003. So these 200 people are being locked up indefinitely yet these stupid Somaliland politicians are running after the British to recognize Somaliland while their people are suffering.

UDUB, UCID, and KULMIYE: Are There Any Differences?

By Abdi A Jama, University Of Minnesota

In June 30, 2007, I attended a meeting convened by Somaliland Community in Minnesota where Dr. Ahmed Hussein Isse, shadow Foreign Minister of KULMIYE Party, was the speaker of the eve.

As anticipated, he bashed and censured mercilessly, for the most part, the current government’s modus operandi; that is, the ways in which the ruling party—UDUB—has failed to generate efficient and thriving government.

By Ibrahim Adam Ghalib, Borama, Awdal

The media is the means of transferring or conveying information to large numbers of people. It is also a mode of learning for the people. It is the place where they develop seemingly strong opinions on a variety of political issues. The media’s portrayal of events can significantly influence public opinion. When people see repeated references on specific events or personalities, these events become more important to their lives and begin to formulate specific options and make decisions.

Read full text...

By Dalmar Kaahin, Ottawa, Canada

In Somaliland, corruption, mismanagement, and totalitarianism seem all part of the norm. And those who dare to speak out against the stench of corruption that fills the air, the rampant injustice, and looting public properties (billiliqo), are often beaten, harassed, and arrested without charges, sometimes held an incommunicado for as long as the thugs like the “Mayor” of Hargeysa, Mr. Hussein Mohamud Jiir, wants. Undoubtedly, Mr. Jiir is “the” clone of the infamous warlord Mohammed Dheere—the ruthless gangster, the mayor wannabe of Mogadishu.

“The biggest problem ......... was trying to get hold of a Somali language national newspaper from Somalia"
Somalia Conoco Connection
Exhibition artist, Xenia Marita Riebe present’s her book to former president of the USSR, Michail S. Gorbachev

Germany, Moenchengladbach, 6 July 2007 (SL Times) - The former president of the USSR, Michail S. Gorbachev officially opened the “Global Citizen Project” exhibition by the German born artist Xenia Marita Riebe held in Moenchengladbach City Hall on 28 June 2007.

The 'Noble Peace Prize' laureate and former president of the USSR, Michail S. Gorbachev came to the opening of the “Global Citizen Project” exhibition to present a lecture on the issue of globalisation, a theme, very much at the heart of his ‘Glasnost’ years during his presidency, a policy which made the country of the Soviet Union and its government transparent and open to debate

ECOWAS flag, West Africa’s regional body, the African Union flag & the flag of Somaliland, fly high on the occasion of the seminar on “Somaliland and the African Union in the Horn of Africa” at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra.

Dr. Iqbal Jhazbhay pictured, explaining a point at the symposium

Ghana's 'DAILY GUIDE ' newspaper coverage of the “Somaliland and the African Union in the Horn of Africa” symposium at the Kofi Anan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) in Accra.

Accra, June 28, 2007 – AS THE African Union (AU) girds its loins for a heated debate next week on how soon it should take the continent to get unionized into a United State of Africa, one fact that many people may be unaware of is that a couple of her states are also scheming for individual recognition and acceptance into the comity of nations.

A brick house in Burao

BURAO, Somaliland, July 4, 2007 – Abdi Hassan's new stone house is one of 60 that have mushroomed in the Koosar and Aden Saleban areas of Burao town, in the republic of Somaliland.

The two-roomed units are low-cost and part of a project that started in 2003 targeting 1,800 families - returnees from Ethiopian refugee camps who remained displaced in Burao, Togdeer region.

By Jordan Frisby


In the distant past, all it took to expand the borders of kingdoms was some soldiers and a bit of success on the battlefield. This is how many European countries were formed. In the past few centuries, seizing new territory has become a bit more complex. As early as the 17th century's Thirty Years' War, peace treaties have largely determined resource and territory distribution after a war. But in the post-Cold War period, the international community has become very hesitant to accept border changes of any kind.

Book Review:

This is a well-researched and captivating book for those with a passion for African history. It is difficult to put this book down until you have read all 750 pages. Nevertheless, genuine questions do arise, such as that about the sub-title itself: has Africa really been “independent” for the last 50 years? One could argue that the international financial systems and big-power political chicanery (such as what the US is doing in the Horn of Africa today in the guise of “fighting terrorism”) have conspired to keep Africa in turmoil, poverty and dependence. Questions also arise over the English author’s euro-centric bias and omission of certain historical facts, especially if like me you read the book with a teacher’s red pen in hand!

Ethiopia 's government has been accused of forcing thousands of civilians from their homes in a campaign against separatist rebels in the south-east.

Crackdown in Ethiopia condemned
Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)

US-based Human Rights Watch says troops had burned homes, seized livestock and carried out arbitrary arrests. The group also accused the rebels of targeting officials and clan leaders who failed to support its insurgency.

Food for thought


Have you surfed Somaliland websites lately? Have you scanned the internet services that mushroom everywhere thanks to modern technology? And have you read and followed other media outlets plenty of which are out there? If so, it is possible that you may have noticed how the mercury barometer is rising wildly!


Somaliland Times Newspaper: Publisher Haatuf Media Network, Published in Hargeysa, Somaliland


Editor in Chief: Yusuf Abdi Gabobe. Assoc-Editor: Rashid Mustafa X Noor

Assist-Editor: Abdifatah M Aideed

Somaliland Times Web Editor : Rashid Mustafa X Noor (2005)

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