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Issue 331 / 24th May 2008
Issue 330 329 328 327 326 325 324 323

Somaliland Elections To Be Held On December 2008 And March 2009

President & the Opposition Reconcile on 11th Hour

British Ambassador formally opens new additions at Egal International Airport

Las Anod Water Project Completed

President Rayale Receives British Ambassador

Puntland: A Clear & Present Danger

Somalia: Hidden Catastrophe, Hidden Agenda

YWCA Toronto Young Woman Of Distinction 2008

Canada's Africa Oil Corp. equipment under attack in Somalia

Regional Affairs

5 Killed & 7 Wounded In Mine Explosion

Power Struggles Delay Training Of Somali Army In Tanzania

Special Report

International News

Africom Seeks Military-to-Military Relationships

Somalian Man Faces Jail For Drugging And Raping Two Women


Somaliland Representative’s Statement To The Conference On Opening The World Order To De Facto States

Can Ethiopia’s democratic opposition use Somaliland as a base?

On The Job Harassment?

Anti-smoking messages and current cigarette smoking status in Somaliland: results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2004

Al-Jazeera Cameraman's Lawyer, Speaks With Reporters Without Borders About His Client's Ordeal In Guantanamo Bay

First dinosaur tracks found in Arabian Peninsula

Obama Would Take California In November, Times/KTLA Poll Finds


Food for thought


The New Gabiley Region and its status

A Beacon of Success in Africa

The Trash-talking Doctor: Muhammad Megalommatis

17th Anniversary Of 18th May: A Dance With Riyale, Or A Dance For Riyale!

Somaliland Must Be Recognized


The Deportation of Somalis Is Unacceptable


Burao, Somaliland, 16 May 2008 - 5 people were killed and 7 others were wounded – two of them seriously – when the vehicle they were travelling in hit a land mine outside the village town of Duruqsi, about 120KM south of Burao city (Capital of the central region of Togdheer) late Thursday afternoon.

The village of Duruqsi is virtually on the Somaliland-Ethio borderline.

Dar Es Salam, May 21, 2008 - Plans to train 1,000 Somali soldiers in Tanzania have hit a snag because of power struggles in the transitional Somali government, The Citizen can reveal today.

Lack of funds to pay for transportation and allowances for the soldiers has also been identified as another reason behind the one-year delay.

Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys

Asmara, May 22, 2008 – The senior leader of Somalia's Islamist opposition vowed on Wednesday to expel United States-backed Ethiopian troops by force and create an Islamic republic in the war-torn country on the Horn of Africa.

Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, who led Somalia's Islamic Courts movement and who the Bush administration claims is a terrorist linked to al-Qaeda, said Mogadishu's Western-backed Transitional Federal Government was run by "traitors".

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UNITED NATIONS, May 23, 2008 - U.N. experts investigating violations of an arms embargo against Somalia report that countries and private traders are supplying weapons to warlords and militants, South Africa's U.N. ambassador said Thursday.

Dumisani Kumalo, who chairs the Security Council committee monitoring the sanctions, said the experts concluded that " Somalia is affected by a war economy with great profits made by military commanders who therefore have little incentive to change the status quo."

MOGADISHU, May 23, 2008 - A roadside bomb blast on Friday struck a vehicle carrying African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Mogadishu, causing some casualties, an AU spokesman and witnesses told AFP.

"One of our vehicles was destroyed by a roadside bomb and preliminary information indicates that an old Somali man died but AU forces suffered minor casualties," the spokesman told AFP without elaborating.

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A South African mob bearing a white flag walks towards police in the Reiger Park informal settlement outside Johannesburg, 20 May 2008
A South African mob bearing a white flag walks towards police in the Reiger Park informal settlement outside Johannesburg, 20 May 2008

Geneva, May 23, 2008 – The UN refugee agency is urging South African authorities to suspend deportation of Zimbabweans and to allow them to regularize their stay in South Africa. The UNHCR says it is making this exceptional request in light of the violence against foreigners in South Africa in which 42 people have been killed. Lisa Schlein reports for VOA from UNHCR headquarters in Geneva.

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DHAROOR, Somalia, 21 May 2008 - Canadian oil and gas exploration company Africa Oil Corp., has started seismic mapping of a remote area in Somalia's relatively stable Puntland region, officials said on Wednesday.

The survey is in advance of exploratory drilling in Somalia's Puntland region, where the company believes there is a strong prospect of finding rich oil deposits like those in geologically similar Yemen, a neighbour across the Gulf of Aden.

An Ethiopian army truck drives through a street in Mogadishu

MOGADISHU, Somalia, 24 May 2008 - A Somali Islamist commander Sunday rejected a UN resolution that could see UN peacekeepers sent to the war-wracked African nation, calling for a "war" against any such deployment.

"We are totally against any foreign force to be deployed in Somalia to replace the Ethiopian invaders," said Hassan Abdullahi Hersi, a top commander of Islamist forces battling African and Ethiopian troops in Somalia.

Sheikh Sharif, Somali opposition leader

Djibouti City, Djibouti 25 May 2008 - The leader of Somalia's exiled opposition coalition, the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia (ARS), has criticized the Eritrean government for "creating divisions" among the opposition leaders.

ARS Chairman Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, who is now in Djibouti, admitted that there are serious political differences among leaders of the Eritrea-based opposition alliance during a Sunday press conference.

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Nairobi, Kenya, 25 May 2008 - The Italian government has announced a donation of 600,000 euros to the UN-HABITAT which will go towards improving the living conditions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia.

In a statement of appreciation to the Italians, UN-HABITAT headquarters here Saturday said shelter and settlement were important components in the agency's response to humanitarian and emergency needs in the Somali regions.

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Mogadishu, Somalia, May 25, 2008 - Heavily armed government troops allied with Ethiopian soldiers have begun to move on Somalia's main Bakara market Friday as the islamists patrolling in the market and nearby areas.Sporadic sounds of gunfire between the two sides could be heard in the vicinity of the market.

The two sides are on the verge of fighting.

The TFG soldiers are watchfully moving ahead to the market from the toll road of " Sayidka" south of Bakara market while other government soldiers moved out from the eastern locale of Hararyale as the islamist fighters went in shield -lines in close proximity to the spots the soldiers came up to.

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Based on the African Economic Outlook 2008*

The impact of vocational training on economic growth and poverty reduction in African countries is unknown. Without such knowledge, however, countries and donors cannot formulate appropriate policies. Even the 35 countries surveyed in the 2008 African Economic Outlook can only supply approximate data.

Technical and Vocational Skills Development in Africa occurs at different levels of education. Governments and donors need to produce the mix of skills that best corresponds to the requirements of countries at their specific stage of economic development. In addition, skills and vocational training policies are most effective when they are in line with overall development policies and the needs of the labour market.

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Arusha, Tanzania, 21 May 2008 - Michel Bagaragaza, former Director General of the office controlling The Rwandan Tea industry during the period of the genocide was on 20 May 2008 transferred back to Arusha from The Hague, The Netherlands. This follows a revocation of an application by the Prosecutor for referral of the case to The Netherlands.

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Hargeysa, Somaliland, May 24, 2008 (SL Times) – Somaliland’s political leaders agreed this week to a proposal submitted to them by the National Electoral Commission calling for holding the country’s next presidential and municipal elections on December 15, 2008 and March 15, 2009.

Senior government leaders and representatives of the opposition parties have been holding talks since May 14 with the aim of resolving the country’s political crisis which was triggered by the decision of the Guurti on April 10, 2008 to extend president Riyale’s term in office which was due to expire by May 15 for one more year.

Hargeysa, Somaliland, May 24, 2008 (SL Times) – President Riyale, unexpectedly, in a private meeting held last week at the presidency in Hargeysa met for the first time leaders of the opposition to resolve the current political standoff created by last month’s controversial decision by the Guurti (Upper House) to extend the president’s office of tenure for another 12 months from 15th May/08, the official date marking end of the president’s term in office, to May 2009.

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Hargeysa, Somaliland, May 24, 2008 (SL Times) – The United Kingdom Ambassador to Ethiopia, H.E. Norman Ling today formally opened two new additions at Egal International airport in Hargeysa. The two new areas consist of a new departure/arrival lounge and a new immigration area.

The two new additions are the first phase in a long term plan to update the immigration services at Somaliland's major international points of travel, the Egal International Airport in Hargeysa and the port of Berbera. The proposed second phase consist of plans to update similar areas at Borama and Buroa airports, as well as, the two major border centres at Togwajale and Lowyo-adde.

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Las Anod's recently installed drinking-water purification and filter complex by Somaliland's ministry of Water & Minerals

Las Anod, Somaliland, 22 May 2008 - The Somaliland Ministry of Water and Natural Resources and the Sool Regional administration along with water development agencies have completed the installation of a water filtration complex in Las Anod.

The complex of several water wells have been installed with purification and filtration systems to cleanse and make the water of the city drinkable for its residents. This is the first such project to take place in Las Anod and comes after the resumption of Somaliland authority in the region.

President Riyale with UK ambassador for Ethiopia, Mr Norman Ling

Hargeysa, Somaliland, May 21, 2008 – The President of Somaliland, Mr Dahir Rayale Kahin received this evening a delegation from the British embassy in Addis Ababa led by Ambassador Norman Ling and other senior diplomats who are on a short visit to Somaliland.

In a communiqué issued by the President's press office, Mr Rayale and Ambassador Ling met this evening to discuss the strengthening of the ties between the two countries in terms of economic, security and democratic developments.

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By Ahmed Behi, Geologist

Puntland is an integral part of Somalia. Nothing has ever stated that either this is an autonomous region or a self-governing state within a state. Puntland can at most claim its borders within a defined territory of colonial Somalia and not beyond

Although Somaliland is a self-declared Republic, separated from Somalia, the former as an ex-British protectorate, had very well-defined border confirming its territorial identity, recognized by the world as such on its independence.

Somali government soldiers

Since 1996 the US has engaged in a continual "low-intensity" war in Somalia that has killed a million of that country's inhabitants, a death toll second only to the Congo during that time.   Another million Somalis are homeless, refugees from the fighting.   In the US, news of happenings in Somalia is scarce and often misleading.   It's worth noting that Somalia sits upon an untapped lake of oil, and has significant uranium deposits as well, making it in the US interest to prevent any viable national government not under its control from coming to power.  

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Ayan Hersi

Ayan Hersi is the antidote to a culture saturated with stories of starlets famous only for being infamous. The 2008 YWCA Young Woman of Distinction has already grappled with more than her fair share of the world's ills. Her response has been leadership, dedication and constructive role-modeling among her peers. As a young Somali refugee growing up in Canada, Ayan experienced her father's deportation, and her mother's subsequent struggle to raise five children on social assistance.

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Puntland soldiers watch as equipment unloaded at Bossaso port

GAROWE, Somalia May 25, 2008 - Exploration equipment reportedly contracted by a Canada-based oil company undocked at the port of Bossaso Sunday, but emerging reports tell Garowe Online that disgruntled militia have already launched their first strike.

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By Jerry Okungu
Nairobi, Kenya

Killings of foreigners in South Africa are spreading fast, very fast. Unless the South African military steps in; the situation may be out of control sooner rather than later.

The twist of fate can be annoying at times. The other day Desmond Tutu and Cyril Ramaphosa were the main guys in Kenya trying to find a lasting solution to the Kenyan crisis. Hardly three months later, has mayhem broken loose on the streets of Johannesburg with far reaching consequences for the most powerful nation on the continent.


Dr. Terry Lacey

During the last ten days of May and first ten days of June Jakarta hosts several conferences in inward investment and finance, notably the Euromoney Indonesia Investment Conference on 21st – 22nd  May in Bali ; the Indonesian Regional Investment Forum  on 26th -27th May in Jakarta; the Third Annual Arab Asian Financial Forum  on the 5th -6th June in Jakarta  and the Investment IQ Indonesia conference in Jakarta on 9th – 10th June.

All of these events should help bring Foreign Direct Inward Investment into Indonesia but they will all be confronted with the consequences of upside down economics  affecting investment in infrastructure:

Ugandan peacekeepers preparing to go to Somalia
Only Uganda and Burundi have sent peacekeepers to Somalia

Friday, 23 May 2008 Ugandan peacekeepers in Somalia have been selling arms to insurgents, a United Nations report says.

The report, by the UN monitoring group on the Somali arms embargo, says Ethiopia, Eritrea and Yemen are also breaking the embargo.

Africa Oil Corp equipment delivered by heavily-armed militia

BOSSASO, Somalia 21 May 2008 - Two foreign companies with rights to explore for oil in northern Somalia have established a private militia force to help protect assets, Garowe Online can report.

The companies – Canada's Africa Oil Corp. and Australia-based mining firm Range Resources, Ltd. – have a joint venture to explore for oil and natural gas in Puntland, a relatively calm region in Somalia' s northeast.

Nairobi, Kenya, 25 May 2008 - The cost of  manufacturing in Kenya could go down considerably once the country begins to exploit extensive coal reserves in Ukambani.

The coal deposits found in the swampy Mui basin in Kitui and Mwingi districts, is touted as the best alternative source of energy to cushion the economy against the adverse effects of high oil prices.

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International News
William E. Ward

Gen. William E. Ward became the first commander of U.S. Africa Command in October 2007. Since then, he has been traveling across the continent, speaking to African governments about their perspectives on the command. Media reports on Africom have focused on where it will be based, and some critics have expressed concern that it represents the "militarization" of U.S. policy toward Africa. Gen. Ward says that Africom's strategic approach is one of "active security." The command has "downplayed the notion of where we need to be to do this because it was creating so much angst amongst our African partners," he says.  

Transdniestria's Parliamentary Speaker Yevgeny Shevchuk, 39, met with his Moldovan counterpart at the EU in Brussels, Belgium

Edinburgh, May 20, 2008 - STV news can reveal that a Somalian man is facing a lengthy jail sentence after being found guilty of drugging and raping two women and attempting to rape two others.   The conclusion of the trial was a rare example of a man being convicted of rape by a jury.   Scotland's prosecution service has introduced specialized training for its staff in an attempt to win more convictions in similar cases.

Somaliland Map
Map of Somaliland

As Somaliland’s election keeps being delayed time after another, one thing is apparent. In addition to all the selfish maneuverings, attempts to establish political advantage and point scoring by the various political players that has led to several postponements of the elections, there is another reason that is not so obvious, but that has, nevertheless, played an important part in the elections not taking place, and that is the prevalence, among Somalilanders, of a culture that does not stress the importance of planning and preparation.

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Special Report

By Prof. M. Y. Ali In this paper, seismic, well, and outcrop data have been used to determine the petroleum systems of Somaliland. These data demonstrate that the country has favourable stratigraphy, structure, oil shows, and hydrocarbon source rocks.


In November 2005, the Centre for Human Rights began investigating the possibility of a third destination for the LLM field trip. The reasons for increasing the number of field trip destinations to include Somaliland include the following: Somaliland is a state in the making; it would be ideal for students on the programme to have a first hand experience of this.


By Mohamed Abdillahi Nur


Gabiley Region locates on the Somaliland’s western fertile regions known as “Dhul-beereed”, Gabiley Region is called the bread basket of Somaliland because of its agricultural productivity level compared to the other Regions of the country, Gabiley city is the administrative center of the new region.

The new region is bounded on the west by Awdal Region and on the north by the Gulf of Aden. On the east it is bordered by the nation’s capital Hargeisa, and on the south Gabiley region is bounded by the fifth-Somali –State in the Ethiopian Federation.

By Ahmed Kheyre

Somaliland recently celebrated the 17th anniversary of the reclamation of sovereignty in 1991. Somalilanders both at home and abroad celebrated this anniversary with their customary pageantry and verve.

The people of Somaliland had another reason to celebrate, by once again displaying a level of political maturity sadly lacking in many parts of Africa, and in particular in the Horn, in resolving some perceived "political deadlock"

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By Dalmar Kaahin Ottawa, Canada

Definitely, trash-talking and name-callings won’t get your point across. And in fact—if anything—trash-talking describes much of the trash-talker’s character. Neither belittling nor despising your opponents conveys your messages much less convince your readers. Additionally, if one wants to write a self-defeating article: trash-talking is an option. And this is what exactly Dr. Muhammad Megalommatis has been doing repeatedly with respect to his barely "articles" about Somaliland.

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17th Anniversary Of 18th May: A Dance With Riyale, Or A Dance For Riyale!

By Rhoda A. Rageh, USA

The Unfortunate situation in Somaliland today is the destroying of the Constitution of the land. After may failed negotiations, it was not the year as the Guurti had extended but a year nonetheless. So Riyale had the last laugh. What does the outcome of this incident mean? Who was behind it? What has Riyale done for the country for the six years he was in office? What will be his focus now for this year? And finally, what will be the consequences?

By Hassan Yusuf Ahmed, Hargeysa

May 18 is a day of great significance to the people of Somaliland. This year, the day was commemorated en masse throughout the country. Why is this day so important?

On May 18, 1991, Somaliland officially and democratically revoked its union with Somalia when strongman Siyad Barre was overthrown. The two countries were formerly colonized by two distinct European powers.

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By Alirashid Isse Hildid

It is time to stop these “cry baby politicians” from usurping and squandering our hard earned democracy.

Since Somaliland separated from the messy Somalia, many sacrifices have been made by all Somalilanders within and outside the country in order to protect our hard-earned democracy.

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By Abdullahi Dool

The mistreatment of a Somali is a matter which concerns not only the individual but all Somalis! The deportation of Somalis on Somali soil is illegal and unacceptable. Somalis have been deported to Ethiopia by both Somaliland and Puntland. A Somali should feel at home on home turf. It will amount to violation of human rights to deny a Somali to live in any Somali territory. Puntland and Somaliland are Somali regions and every Somali has God-given right to be there. It is an irony if Somalis are rounded up and treated as aliens on Somali territories.

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Mohamoud Abdi Daar, Somaliland Representative in Brussels

Statement to the Conference on Opening the World Order to de facto States, Limits and Potentialities of the de facto States in the International Context, 15 May 2008, European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium.

The Meles Zenawi minority regime has closed almost every direction that can be used by the Ethiopian democratic opposition. Because of that, the Ethiopian people continue to suffer under Zenawi’s dictatorship with no relief in sight, as the dictator continues to stage rigged election after rigged election after rigged election.

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WASHINGTON, DC, May 17, 2008 – A George Washington University employee tells 9NEWS NOW was harassed on the job by the FBI.

Why? He claims it's because he's Muslim.

"For them to show up and embarass me like that, it's completely unacceptable," says Abdul Kadir Muhamed. He still has no idea why two FBI agents showed up at the George Washington University library where he's worked for 17 years in building operations.

23 May 2008

Tobacco is a leading cause of death globally. There are limited reports on current cigarette smoking prevalence and its associated-antismoking messages among adolescents in conflict zones of the world.

We, therefore, conducted secondary analysis of data to estimate the prevalence of current cigarette smoking, and to determine associations of antismoking messages with smoking status.

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Paris, May 24, 2008 – Human rights lawyer Clive Stafford-Smith gave a candid interview on Monday, May 19 to Reporters Without Borders USA Director Lucie Morillon about his client, Al-Jazeera cameraman Sami al-Haj. Al-Haj had spent the last six years detained in Guantanamo Bay before being released earlier this month.

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Researchers at the site of a newly-discovered sauropod in the ...
Researchers at the site of a newly-discovered sauropod in the Republic of Yemen

LONDON, May 21, 2008 - Scientists have discovered the tracks of a herd of 11 long-necked sauropods walking along a coastal mudflat in what is now the Republic of Yemen, the first discovery of dinosaur footprints on the Arabian peninsula.

Sauropods, the largest land animals in earth's history, walked on four stout legs and ate plants.

Clinton would also defeat McCain in the fall, but by a smaller margin. The numbers undercut Clinton's argument that she is the Democrat best able to deliver big states in the general election.

Los Angeles, May 23, 2008 – Less than four months after losing the California primary, Democrat Barack Obama leads Republican John McCain in projected November general election matchups, a new Los Angeles Times/KTLA poll has found.

International Justice and Impunity: The Case of the United States

BY Dr. Abdul-Haq Al-Ani


The trial of Saddam Hussein marks the first time since the UN was created that a head of state has been put on trial by an invading, occupying power. This book seeks to draw public attention to the threat this precedent poses to developing nations worldwide, and to its distortive influence on the further evolution of international law.

Food for thought


Government sources state that since the wave of attacks on foreign nationals began on 11 May, 2008, 42 people have been killed and more than 500 injured with violence now spreading to all but two provinces in South Africa. Attacks have occurred mostly at night and have targeted foreign migrants from Bangladesh, Burundi, DRC, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Zimbabwe and other countries as well as non-Zulu speaking South Africans. They appear to be increasingly coordinated and threats of attack are sometimes issued with leaflets distributed in townships(1).


Somaliland Times Newspaper: Publisher Haatuf Media Network, Published in Hargeysa, Somaliland


Editor in Chief: Yusuf Abdi Gabobe. Assoc-Editor: Rashid Mustafa X Noor

Assist-Editor: Abdifatah M Aideed

Somaliland Times Web Editor : Rashid Mustafa X Noor (2005)

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