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The Country Context & The State Of Affairs On HIV/AIDS
HIV & AIDS prevalence in Somaliland is significantly lower than that of the neighbouring countries of Djibouti , Ethiopia , and Kenya , however, the population mobility amongst the countries is likely to increase the vulnerability of Somaliland population to the disease. Public awareness of HIV & AIDS in
Somaliland at this stage has been scaled up considerably. The second HIV sero-prevalence survey carried out by the WHO in 2007 revealed a 1.3 percent infection rate, collected at sentinel sites in ante-natal clinics a drop from the previous sero-prevalence data of 1.4 in 2004-2006 reflecting the impact of multifaceted interventions. environmental factors contribute to the spread of hiv/aids which are as follow: HIV/AIDS: The Vulnerability Factors
Low awareness, lack of information and denial
High risk behaviour(s), prevalence of other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Migration and mobility
Poverty and unemployment
Inadequate health resources and poor access to care
Cultural and societal factors.
II. UNDP's Mandate: Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS is part is of the UNDP's 6 thematic areas in its global work and in its approach UNDP is to be at the forefront in building national capacities through partnership especially the National AIDS Commissions and local civil society organizations. This aims at building towards coordinated national response on HIV/AIDS. UNDP's approach locally is to fully integrate HIV/AIDS as a cross cutting issue across UNDP's programmes i.e. Governance, Rule Of Law & Security [ROLS] Recovery & Sustainable Livelihoods[RSL]. The mainstreaming efforts have been successful under various UNDP programmes.
III. The Uniformed Services: Police, Custodial Corps, Armed Services UNDP in fulfillment of number of international resolutions, commitments and policies is strongly supports systematic integration of AIDS into the humanitarian response and programmes. UN Security Council Resolutions 1308 and 1325 issued in 2000 address AIDS and gender-based violence among uniformed services/forces. The Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS , adopted at the UN General Assembly's Special Session on AIDS (UNGASS) in 2001. Since 2006 UNDP has initiated the first Uniformed Services initiative as an important milestones and achievements are mentioned hitherto. November 2006:
The First Senior Commanders HIV/AIDS Training & Strategic Planning. 30 Officers participated February 2007 :
The HIV/AIDS Training For Peer Educators In the 6 The Regions: 180 Officers. May 2007
Training Of Trainers On HIV/AIDS for Peer Educators; 30 February 2008:
Refresher Course & Training Manual Development